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  • Особенности политико-правовых отношений Московского государства тюрко-татарских ханств в XVI–XVII вв. глазами иностранных современников

Article

Особенности политико-правовых отношений Московского государства тюрко-татарских ханств в XVI–XVII вв. глазами иностранных современников

An article is an attempt to characterize the views of foreign (Western European) contemporaries on political and legal relations of the Moscow State and Turkic-Tatar khanates in the 16th–17th cc. During this time a lot of European diplomats, travelers, merchants and adventures visited Moscow and contiguous countries, also foreign scientists had great interest for this region although didn’t visit it, in fact. Europeans were interested in status of the Moscow state after the fall of the Golden Horde, reasons and process of joining the post-Horde states, claims of one or another Turkic-Tatar state for the Golden Horde legacy and, correspondingly, their reflection in its relations with Moscow. Foreigners, of course, were aware of complex nature of Moscow-Tatar relations which were not limited only by military conflicts: there were diplomacy, trade and, from time to tome, even alliances. Besides, foreign contemporaries kept in mind so-called «Tatar factor» of the Moscow internal affairs: policy toward joined Tatar «tsardoms», attraction of Tatars for the military service, attitude toward Tatar «princes» at the tsar’s court, contacts of the Russian and Tatar aristocracy. Information of foreigners on the Moscow-Tatar political and legal relations not always enough complete and trustworthy, but, anyway it’s of great value because allows to form an idea on European concept of situation on the post-Horde area.