Intercultural relations in Kabardino-Balkaria: Does integration always lead to subjective well-being
This paper examines intercultural relations in Kabardino-Balkaria. Among a large number of ethnic groups living in Kabardino-Balkaria, Kabardians and Balkars are the largest ones (i.e. the so called “titular” ethnic groups). Russians represent the third largest group in the region. The paper reports the results of an empirical study of intercultural relations, mutual acculturation and adaptation of Kabardians and Balkars (N= 285), and Russians (N= 249). More specifically, the study examines the relevance of the three hypotheses formulated to better understand intercultural relations: multiculturalism hypothesis, integration hypothesis and contact hypothesis. We conducted path analysis in AMOS with two samples: the sample of Russians and the sample of two main ethnic groups (Kabardians and Balkars), and further compared path models with each other. The results revealed significant effects of security, intercultural contacts, multicultural ideology, acculturation strategies and expectations on attitudes, life satisfaction and self-esteem in both samples. These findings partially confirm the three hypotheses in both groups. However, we also identified a regionally specific pattern. We found that in the Russian sample, the integration strategy was negatively related to well-being, while contact with dominant ethnic group was positively related to well-being. At the same time, in the sample of Kabardians and Balkars, acculturation expectations of integration and assimilation were positively related to well-being. In the present paper, we discuss this regional specifics
In March 2011 scholars met in Prague at the conference Interculturalism, Meaning and Identity. This event revitalised this important theme related to Diversity and Recognition. The terms 'interculturalism' and 'integration' are experiencing a renaissance. As the extent of human movement between nations increases attempts are made to balance cultural difference and social cohesion. In some contexts immigration and settlement policies are becoming more draconian in response. Because of this, interculturalism can take on many meanings. However, pivotal to the way interculturalism is understood is identification. As the relationship between nation, ethnicity and language becomes more complex so too do the ways in which people represent them selves. The cultural resources drawn on and the processes used to form identities are examined in this truly international collection. So too are the implications of these developments for how we theorise culture, meaning and identity.
Das der Migrationproblematik gewidmete Buch besteht aus fünf Teilen. Der erste Abschnitt beschäftigt sich mit den Problemen der Interkulturalität in Soziologie, Pädagogik und Recht. Der zweite Abschnitt beschreibt verschiedene Aspekte sprachlicher Manifestationen des interkulturellen Bewusstseins. Thematisch ist es eine breite Forschungspalette, von der Integrität der "Ich-Position" des Autors in den Migrationsbedingungen bis zu Beschreibungen der Stereotypen, die mit den Begriffen "Migranten" und "Migration" assoziiert sind. Das Thema zu vereinen, um Die Artikel im dritten Abschnitt vereinigt das Thema multikultureller Dialoge in der Musik: verschiedene Ansätze zur musikalischen und ästhetischen Selbst-Identifikation. Der vierte Abschnitt ist der "Roten Gräfin" Sophia Panina gewidmet. Und der letzte Abschnitt betrachtet aktuelle Fragen im Zusammenhang mit der Migration, Sprache und sprachpolitischer Planung.
This collection brings together the reports of the conference "Gender. Politics. Multiculturalism. Gender relations and gender systems in the past and the present."
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.