The impact of the media on voters’ attitude toward Junichiro Koizumi and his policy
Yearbook World of Media has been being published since 2009. It represents an annual review of original researches in the field of media and journalism studies conducted by Russian authors from diverse cities and institutions.
World of Media is aimed at promoting the development of Russian media and journalism studies in both national and global contexts, and stimulating a wider public interest in the journalism theories, methods, findings and applications generated by research in communication and allied fields.
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The article is dedicated to analysis and comparison of arrangement and socio-political function of democratic and republican parties of the USA. The main stress is made on ideological vectors of both parties and also on the role of geographical position and interests of the USA population which influence forming of the political platforms of the parties. The main goal of the article is to demonstrate the growth of polarization of American society closely associated with the growth of parties' emphasis on target audience and differences in financial policy.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article considers the main trends in the contemporary media space and analyzes the coverage of Russia issues in online versions of USA Today and The New York Times. The ideas of M. McLuhan, D. McQuail, J. Van Deijck, M. Castells form the theoretical basis of the research. USA Today and The New York Times provide free access to most of their materials which are available for the computer, Iphone, and Ipad users. Video and slide-shows attract readers from all over the world. Russia became actual theme in 2014 in the US media, but it had been peripheral during the previous decade. Sochi Olympiad, Crimea unification with the RF, conflict in Ukraine, Putin, - those were the main topics of USA Today and The New York Times related to Russia. USA Today's coverage of Russian problems was more neutral and balanced compared to tough rhetoric of The New York Times. At the same time both newspapers view the country as an “alien”, but not an enemy.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.