Проясняя понятия: политическая мораль и борьба дискурсов в русской мысли начала ХХ века
Metaphysics of Russian culture defi ned the ethical horizon of political practice in Russia.
In the early twentieth century philosophers and publicists began discussions about historical
guilt and political responsibility of the Russian intelligentsia, the state and the nation. Clarifying
the concepts of “patriotism”, “liberalism”, “nationalism”, “freedom”, “democracy”, Russian
thinkers have given a moral evaluation of the revolution. Russian intellectual class tends to
follow the criterion of historical truth, thus the opposition of the liberal and patriotic discourses
had a special moral sense. The basic moral question of political and intellectual struggle focused
around the theme of “the fate of Russia”, its historical choice.