Краудсорсинг в решении государственных, общественных и бизнес-задач
Importance The field of public administration despite its conservatism shows expanding the range of forms of interaction between government agencies, businesses, the public concerned. Crowdsourcing is the way of using the citizen’s capacity to solve public problems. By virtue of sufficient novelty of this technology, there are local attempts to use crowdsourcing in practice. The sphere of state and public administration requires a systematic approach to evaluating the potential of crowdsourcing in the state and public administration.
Objectives The objective of study was to determine the direction of using crowdsourcing to solve state and social problems in the region by the example of Altai Territory. For this, it is necessary to examine the nature of this form of interaction with the concerned public, to formulate methodological approaches to use crowdsourcing in practice, to identify the key success factors of the implementation of crowdsourcing projects, to examine the possibility of introducing crowdsourcing in the practice of public administration at the regional level, to propose approaches of evaluating the effectiveness of using crowdsourcing in public administration.
Methods Abstract-logical, structural and functional methods as the main methods of research were used.
Results This paper presents the possible areas of using the crowdsourcing in the region to solve the state and public problems.
In this paper we present a review of the existing typologies of Inter-net service users. We zoom in on social networking services including blogs and crowdsourcing websites. Based on the results of the analysis of the consid-ered typologies obtained by means of FCA we developed a new user typology of a certain class of Internet services, namely a collaboration innovation plat-form. Cluster analysis of data extracted from the collaboration platform Witolo-gy was used to divide more than 500 participants into 6 groups based on 3 ac-tivity indicators: idea generation, commenting, and evaluation (assigning marks) The obtained groups and their percentages appear to follow the “90 – 9 – 1” rule.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition, MLDM 2014, held in St. Petersburg, Russia in July 2014. The 40 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 128 submissions. The topics range from theoretical topics for classification, clustering, association rule and pattern mining to specific data mining methods for the different multimedia data types such as image mining, text mining, video mining and Web mining.
We create collaborative environment for collaborative creation, improvement and promoting bills within public and legislative projects. Enacting a new law means that a community devises out new rules which help it to become more efficient. Below are the principles on which legislative collaboration is based: Public construction of a document aiming at complex cloud issues has high educational value. The practice helps not only produce a quality document and build a community of people interested in its implementation, but promote the innovative document, maintain a new level of its understanding and perception by the society. 518 Collaborative document creation and voting has a priority over document deliberation. Our technology allows collaboration participants to create their own text versions, that could be voted for by other participants. The value of deliberation is less than the value of collaboration. Contemporary collaboration does not always need discussions. Discussion can take so much time and efforts that participants do not have resources to collaborate. The process of selecting text segments is based on the participants' voting. All the votes should be counted but the weight of each vote depends on the participant's impact and the estimation of this impact by the community. The more is the participant's impact and its estimation, the more is the participant's vote weight.
The article is devoted to the possibilities of effective organization of internal crowdsourcing to purpose of examination of its normative documents. Crowdsourcing is a relatively new phenomenon in the practice of domestic companies, at the same time, its potential is huge, but the toolkit organization of crowdsourcing activities has not yet developed. The article makes an attempt to consolidate the experience of crowdsourcing, in the direction of crowdsourcing revised internal normative documents of the company. The principal feature of this type of crowdsourcing is that it allows for examination of the draft document (original version), make the necessary changes and create the new edition.
The notions of crowdsourcing and reputation are compared. It is shown that crowdsourcing may be a significant factor influencing reputation formation of various social players; in strategic perspective it allows to build a new model of social interaction.
Manually annotated corpora are very important and very expensive resources: the annotation process requires a lot of time and skills. In Open- Corpora project we are trying to involve into annotation works native speakers with no special linguistic knowledge. In this paper we describe the way we organize our processes in order to maintain high quality of annotation and report on our preliminary results.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management