Юридические гарантии безопасности продуктов питания в Российской Федерации
In article legal problems of ensuring quality and safety of the food created in the Russian Federation or imported on her territory from other states are considered. The special attention is paid to the products containing GMO. Some legal ways of strengthening of a quality assurance and safety of food are offered.
Results of scientific researches of domestic scientists and young specialists in the sphere of the protected results of intellectual property are presented in the collection, the special attention is paid to offers on modernization of norms of part of the fourth of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
Because use of GMO as the making element of food is regulated only by special regulations which haven't created uniform system of regulation of requirements to conditions and an order of introduction to civil circulation of genetically changed organisms at their first release in environment yet, industrial use and import, it is offered to add part the fourth with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation the new chapter "The right for the gene engineering modified organisms", having included in her norms on the special status of such results of intellectual activity (RIA), and also to provide special conditions and an order of use of the rights for them not only for the scientific purposes, but also introductions to civil circulation for implementation of the enterprise and bringing-in the income other activity.
The system of food production is facing grand challenges, such as a rising population, climate change, degrading bio-productivity of agricultural land and over-fishing. Agriculture and food production are becoming more innovative and implement new infrastructure, IT-platforms or biotechnologies, like gene editing or synthetic food production. A more advanced knowledge base about food innovations helps customers to build informed opinions of new technologies and provides policy makers and industry actors with better information for strategic decision-making. As the amount of available information exceeds expert knowledge or manual filtering of data outputs, this paper presents a text mining study on science and technology in food production based on more than 30 million documents. The proposed methodology which we demonstrate on the example of the future of food production can be applied each time new data becomes available and can serve as an early warning system for a changing technology landscape.
It is offered to add part the fourth with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation the new chapter in which to fix regulation of the rights for two types of selection achievements: the first are registered as created and protected in the territory of the Russian Federation, the second - as allowed to use in the territory of the Russian Federation, including grades of foreign selection.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/