Labor Migrants in Russia. Assessments and Prospects of Interaction
The migratory situation in Russia in the 1990-2000th years is considered. Separate types of migration are analysed: repatriation, labor migration, internal migration
Demographic growth is an important factor of migration processes. Nowadays, its influence is best felt in sub-Saharan Africa, where the tempo of demographic growth is the highest in the world. The chapter discusses the impact demographic growth makes specifically on labor migration from Africa to economically developed nations.
In this article, we employ a panel household survey from Tajikistan to study labor migrants’ location choices in Russia. We find that labor migrants from Tajikistan consider a wide variety of economic, demographic, and geographical characteristics of Russian regions when making location choices. We also find that experienced migrants are less responsive to current regional characteristics that might suggest path dependence in destination choices by experienced migrants.
The article studies migration processes in the post-Soviet space in the context of Eurasian integration. It is noted that recently, due to the natural population decline in Russia, migration is one of the mechanisms for compensating for demographic problems. An important factor determining migration processes is Eurasian integration. The article indicates that the creation of the EAEU and its expansion provides legal access to the Russian labor market for an increasing number of post-Soviet countries. The authors consider the demographic situation in Russia and the need for labor migration. They indicate that the peculiarity of Russia is a rather low life expectancy compared to other urbanized industrial countries, especially for men. Talk about the general situation with migration in Russia in 2017. The key longterm trends of labor migration to Russia are indicated. The possible expansion of the EAEU is considered as a factor determining migration. In this regard, security threats associated with Central Asian labor migration are identified. Also scenarios for the development of migration to Russia from post-Soviet countries, including in the context of Eurasian integration processes are indicated.
The first volume of the series “Demography. Sociology. Economics” is a collaboration of Russian scientists from the Center for Social Demography and Economic Sociology Institute of Social and Political Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation) and Turkish scientists from the Center for Migration Studies, University of Koch (Mr. Istanbul, Republic of Turkey). It presents research papers of young Russian and foreign scientists who took part in the international scientific and practical Summer School "International migration in the post-Soviet space: Challenges, models and effects", which was held at Koç University in Istanbul in June-July 2014. The book reflects the results of theoretical and empirical research of young scientists from eight countries: Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Brazil. The book recommendation for students, postgraduate students, teachers, scientists and experts in demographic and migration sphere.
The article deals with internal labor migration of residents of Russia’s small and mid-size towns. Whereas the total labor migration in Russia is above 2 million people (according to Rosstat), nearly every fifth household in a small town and every ninth household in a mid-size town had a labor migrant in the course of five years preceding the survey (according to INSAP RANEPA). Labor migration is not limited to rural areas and settlements with a highly slack labor market. The intraregional labor migration that boosts labor migration in the country is identified by at Журнал НЭА, № 3 (43), 2019, с. 78–94 Жители малых и средних городов России: трудовая миграция... 94 least 25%, however, it flies under radars of Rosstat’s surveys. Labor migration can be both a stepping stone for or an alternative to the permanent transfer to larger cities. Administrative barriers no longer hinder such permanent transfer, the main barrier being a huge difference in the housing costs between small towns and larger cities (be it purchase or rental). This difference is not covered by the income of middle-skilled workers (which comprise most of these migrants) when working in larger cities — as opposed to high-skilled workers.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.