Cамоконтроль как ресурс личности: диагностика и связи с успешностью, настойчивостью и благополучием
Self-control is one’s ability to control one’s own behavior and emotional expression, to react to external events in a deliberate manner, and to interrupt actions motivated by undesirable impulses or affects. We present two studies aimed to validate a Russian-language version of the 13-item Brief Self-Control Scale by J.P. Tangney, R.F. Baumeister and A.L. Boone in samples of employees (N=591) and students (N=328). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-dimensional structure. The scale shows high internal consistency (alpha 0,79-0,84) and predictable associations with self-report and objective indicators of current and future academic and work performance. Self-control is positively associated with intrinsic motivation, goal-setting, persistence, conscientiousness, hardiness, productive coping strategies, as well as optimistic attributional style, self-efficacy (general and domain-specific), emotional stability, and subjective well-being. These associations hold when social desirability is controlled. The results suggest that self-control is an important personality resource which results in higher performance and psychological well-being.