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  • Влияют ли на родительскую самоэффективность разногласия с родственниками по поводу правил воспитания и ухода за ребенком?

Article

Влияют ли на родительскую самоэффективность разногласия с родственниками по поводу правил воспитания и ухода за ребенком?

Existing studies show that parental self-efficacy is an important factor of positive parental practices and child development. In this paper we focus on factors associated with level of maternal self-efficacy. Features of modern motherhood (intensive motherhood, ‘parental determinism’, anxiety and high risk-consciousness) suggest that one of these factors is disagreement over child-rearing rules or parenting principles between a mother and her relatives. Our main research question is wheather disagreement affects parental self-efficacy beliefs of mothers. The study is based on an online survey of 670 mothers of pre-school children and 50 semi-structured interviews with mothers. According to the survey disagreements over child-rearing rules are frequent – about 20% of mothers say that family and friends have criticized them for the way they care for a child; about 30% - that it is difficult to find an agreement with relatives about principles and rules of parenting, 25% - that they have to limit the time a child spends with family, because of these disagreements. The proportion of mothers who noticed that they have disagreements with relatives over child-rearing rules is lower among working mothers and higher among mothers who support some of the popular child-rearing theories. Our analysis also shows that disagreements have a negative impact on parental self-efficacy.