Оптимизация пространственной структуры комплекса регионального общественного транспорта на примере Пермского края
The article demonstrates that the evolution of the Intermodal Loading Units (ILU) gives new opportunities for the supply chains development. The characteristics of particular ILU's used on the European transportation market. The tendencies of the ILU design evolution are analyzed as well as the prospects for their use on the transport services market
The article examines the evolution of the intermodal freight transportation systems in terms of goods flows management.. Various definitions of synchromodal transportation are presented disclosing different aspects of this activity. The special features, potentials and the pre-conditions of the effective implementation of the synchromodal concept are analyzed to provide the maximal flexibility of transport and commodity flows management
The article is devoted to the phenomenon of intermodalism. It is demonstrated that in spite of intermodal transport systems wide variety, the worldwide experience shows the priority development of two basic models of intermodal logistic services, named «oceanic» and «continental». The prerequisites of formation and the basic conditions of the implementation of these models are examined. In the context of the conclusions obtained the provisions of the draft Transport strategy of Russian Federation for 2030 are analyzed. It is indicated that further studies are necessary to identify the proper concept of intermodal logistic service for Russian economic system.
The article analyzes the business models of combined transport, used in the transport service of continental (not including a sea) supply chains. Described are the common characteristics of business models as well as fundamental differences specific to the transport systems of the North America and Europe. Based on a comparison of structural and functional analysis the article reveales the most significant parameters of the business models of both types, as well as the conditions under which they can be sustainable. Examples of business models implementation in the North American and European practices are given and the mechanisms the final logistic product within different models are revealed.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.