"Транспортное поведение", "подвижность", "мобильность": к вопросу о концептуализации терминов
Foreign experience was studied as part of the Russian travel behavior monitoring study. This paper aims to outline conceptual and methodological differencies between ―travel behavior‖, ―mobility‖ and ―motility‖ terms. The results of analysis allow us to define two projected paths in conceptualization of the key terms. The first, so-called ―management‖ stream, took into account the ―motility‖ concept. On the other hand we outlined the ―academic‖ concept and the fundamental meaning of ―mobility‖. But the widespread use results in terminological confusion. As a result, we treat the conceptualization problem as the main issue: how can we differentiate between these terms, especially in the presence of the ―travel behaviour‖ term. We define the ―travel behaviour‖ as a synthesis of two prospects. The deficit of explanation opportunities are explained through analysis of ―management‖ concept. But ―academic‖ tools seem useful for theory and methodology of transportation studies. Moreover, the understanding of travel behaviour in ―management‖ stream is slightly shifting from economics to social issues.