Социологическая экспедиция как исследовательская практика и форма обучения социологической теории
The article presents the results of an empirical study of the urban memorial landscape of Belozyorsk (Vologda region). The author makes the assumption that drawing up a memorable landscape of the city is a complex process which various stakeholders are involved in. Providing a brief overview of the historic milestones of one of the oldest cities in Russia, the author focuses on a detailed description of three memorial initiatives: local initiatives to establish the museum of fishing and Finno-Ugric heritage, as well as external initiative to conserve the ruins of Church of the Nativity in KrokhiNo. The analysis is based on semi-structured interviews with representatives of local and external initiative groups, city government and local residents who were not involved in the memorial projects. In the conclusion of the article, the author clarifies mechanisms of individual interest in remembering genesis and its further transformation into a public memory site.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.