Альтернативные сельские поселения в России: стихийная внутренняя эмиграция или осознанный трансфер в будущее
The article discusses the issues of sustainable development. The implementation of the sustainable development concept involves the integration of different levels of government and bringing the approach to the level of business and individual projects.A company may have a different degree of economic stability, the measurement of which can be accomplished through the analysis of the cost structure of the product sold, including the costs of maintaining the environment. Evaluation of the project can be carried out taking into account the levels of initiation and levels of its impact on sustainable development. We propose a method of evaluation that allows taking into account all three aspects: economic, social and environmental.In the process of assessing the sustainability of the project it is advisable to take into account the full life cycle.The article shows how to take into account the parameters that characterize the activity and the product produced by the asset. By themselves, the project or the circumstances of its implementation could result in your loss of stability of the system in which it is located. It is recommended to evaluate the loss of stability in private terms, and as a whole for the project — based on the calculation of the integral indicator.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.