Никто не забыт, ничто не забыто. История оккупации в устных свидетельствах
Based on extensive collection of interviews with Soviet, mostly - Ukrainian, - Jews born before the World War II, the essay examines the problem of religious observance and attitudes to it before and after the war concentrating on the circumcision, the first rite of passage, primal in Judaism and exceedingly dangerous during the Holocaust.
The period of the 1990s is relatively poorly studied and is in a situation of media and ideological stereotypes. This article is devoted to return the discourse of the “nineties” in the analytical channel. It is devoted to the analysis of biographical trajectories and the worldview of “teenagers of perestroika”, those who were 14–16 years old during the period of historical change in 1989–1991 with an emphasis on the transition to individualistic thinking and a focus on personal and business success. All participants in the qualitative research were graduates of the Penza school of young managers. This school was engaged in teaching knowledge and ideologies of a market economy, marketing and business of Soviet schoolchildren of the early 1990s. The article discusses the history of the Penza school of young managers, analyzes its curriculum and the concept of working with students in conjunction with the task of educating “business people” for the new Russia and the ideology of “carnegieism”. Special attention is paid to the reception by students of the school of young managers of Dale Carnegie’s ideas and the ideology of “carnegieism”, who were in the center of the training programs not only of this, but of other schools of young managers of the early 1990s. The article has a reflection on the worldview evolution of students of the school of young managers under the influence of Carnegie’s works. Special attention is paid to reflections on the place of the “teenagers of perestroika” in modern Russia, taking into account the research of this group, in which it is called the “lost generation” or the “failed generation”. The article is based on empirical research materials — the study of thematic sources and interviews with students of the school of young managers in the early 1990s
The discussions on the nature of inter-ethnic relations, and the degree of the various ethnic groups` involvement in the process of establish the Soviet regime in the Eastern Polish territory in 1939-1941 do not lose its relevance. Dividing the local population on the ethnical basis, we can conclude, that while the Polish population certainly suffered from the Soviet repressions a lot; and while Belarusians suffered from repression significantly less; the local Jews were victims and executioners at the same time. This article deals with highlighting of that phenomenon basing both on personal and Soviet archival accounts.
The article focuses on the limits of using oral history methods in the research of academic communities. The authors analyze the language and ways of self-description used by modern Russian academic community. The study is based on the interviews of Post-Soviet university professors, which helps to clarify what is the concept of tradition for them, what is the origin of their individual memories, and how these memories correspond to the collective perceptions of the ideal university.
In Chapter discusses the origins of oral history and the formation of oral history as a scientific direction. In addition to the Genesis of oral history in Western Europe and the USA, understand the basic stages and directions of development of the oral tradition in the USSR and modern Russia. It shows the specificity of oral sources, including rumors. Understanding the features of collecting and interpreting verbal materials.