Формирующее оценивание при внедрении метода интеллект-карт в процесс обучения на магистерской программе «Маркетинг»
The paper represents the way in which mind mapping operates for teaching process. It also demonstrates the application of formative assessment in mind mapping adopting for teaching and learning. Formative assessment is designed as a mixed methods research. It includes participant observation, questionnaire, and classroom discussions on students’ mind maps. Assessment feedback is considered as an important phase of new teaching method’s adoption for a master program. The paper contributes to the current literature by shifting the focus from students’ academic achievements to process of the method’s adoption; by discussing formative assessment approach to mind mapping. The results show costs and benefits of mind mapping for students and support appropriateness of formative assessment for mind mapping adoption. The ways to improve mind mapping process in the current context and directions for future research are discussed.
The article argues the necessity to change the philosophy of assessment and assessment practices in FLT in higher education from summative (scoring) to formative (scaffolding). Approaches to formulating learning outcomes in FLT at non-linguistic tertiary institutions are presented and approaches to using criterion-based assessment scales for assessment as such, for generating feedback and developing self-assessment and reflection are explained.
The article concentrates on the use of formative assessment in foreign language teaching. The term “formative assessment” is explained, its benefits for learning and teaching are described. Examples of formative assessment techniques and activities are given. It is concluded that formative assessment is a powerful tool that helps develop learners’ metacognitive skills, brings variety in the classroom, engages and motivates learners, raises their autonomy and interest.
The article discusses the strategy of «mixing» methods, particularly prevalent in the Western research tradition. Covers the methods of text analysis, demonstrated the difference between formal or approach on the example of the study of the image of modern Russia in the texts of the American edition of «New York Times», where attention is paid to algorithms work with texts. It is shown that for the study of such phenomena as the image of the country, the combination of formal or approaches to the analysis of the text is a necessary and natural research phenomenon.
The article describes ways of using formative assessment in competence-based education to increase students' motivation for learning.
The approach to the assessment of educational outcomes in the educational system of England is under consideration. Alternative assessment methods such as formative assessment and assessment for learning are in focus. The importance and effectiveness of implementation of these methods are emphasised. The possible use of formative assessment in the Russian educational context is discussed.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.