Логистика и управление цепями поставок – антикризисные инструменты менеджмента
The paper defines the role of logistics and supply chain management (SCM) as a way to raise sustainability of the company in order to eliminate economic crisis consequences and support business in this case. It is shown trends of consolidation of logistics both in business organizations and in national coverage. The importance of creating and managing knowledge base of companies’ personnel in the field of logistics and SCM as a source of sustainable competitive advantage is specified.
Taking into account the extremely limited number of qualified logisticians in the Russian labor market, it is offered the direction of additional education programs differentiation for advanced training and retraining of staff. The paper provides an example of International Center of Training in Logistics at the HSE which implements the range of programs of advanced training and retraining in logistics.
The main ways to improve the efficiency of business during the economic crisis by using tools of logistics and SCM are covered, among which are application of total costs principle; management and optimization of the inventory levels in the supply chain; development of controlling system in logistics; improvement of sustainability and reliability of supply chains, etc.�стики НИУ ВШЭ в части реализации спектра программ профессиональной переподготовки и повышения квалификации логистов
Рассмотрены основные пути повышения эффективности бизнеса компаний в условиях экономического кризиса при использовании инструментария логистики и SCM: использование принципа общих затрат; управление и оптимизация уровней запасов в цепях поставок; развитие системы контроллинга логистики; повышение надежности и устойчивости цепей поставок и др.
We describe vendor managed inventory concept of supply chain management. We propose the idea of using this metodology for the problem of motor fuel distribution from oil depots to filling gas oil stations. The advantages, risks and limitations of the concept introduction for this problem are shown.
In the article author propose approach to client's base generation based on decision tree method. This approach allows taking into account requirements to optimization of customers' selection based on several criteria. Method is illustrated on Logistics Company.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
The authors propose new approach to self-organization of complex distributed systems in logistics. That approach is based on combination of multi-agent paradigm with constraint satisfaction techniques. The proposed solution expresses major features of Swarm Intelligence approach and replaces traditional stochastic adaptation of the swarm of the autonomous agents by constraint-driven adaptation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management