Влияние менеджеров среднего звена на стратегию компании: динамический подход
The paper presents a theoretical evidence and description of the dynamic model of strategic impact of middle management in the organization. This model is based on the ideas about changing roles of middle managers in strategic development organizations. The paper discusses the new competence of managers, developed within the discourse and context paradigms of organizations, theoretically argues dynamic model of strategic influence managers, which can be used to the manager’s initiative evaluation at any level of management.
An analysis of current research in the field of psychology and economics of labor reveals an important trend in the performance of professional work as a special kind of activity. These changes are associated with the development of pro-activity, which is clearly expressed in the disclosure of professional self-activity as the most important property of the job actor. The paper proposes an idea of non-classical forms of administrative activity as the embodiments of the professional pro-activity and explain the main characteristics of these forms. We present to discuss the results of empirical research of professional pro-activity, overcoming institutional boundaries of labor positions. The role of the organizational context as a factor in the implementation of professional self-activity, expanding in the area of administrative tasks is discussed.
This article discusses the approaches to the interpretation of the "employee engagement" concept which is more widely used in the HRM practices of the foreign and Russian companies Authors suggest to narrow this concept, focusing on behavioural component, and to consider it through a prism of normative and above-norms behaviour taking into account the organizational context. Results of the empirical research on the employee engagement in the Russian travel agency conducted in June, 2014 with the use of qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection are presented in the article.
The offered research is devoted to a problem of studying of intellectual potential of employees. Use of intellectual potential in the organization practice is subjected to the analysis. The author offers a technique by means of which it is possible to estimate intellectual potential. This analysis is based on assessment of contents of project proposals which employees address to the management of the companies. Calculation of characteristics of project proposals has been carried out, and these characteristics have been compared with positions of workers. The comparative analysis of use of intellectual potential of employees of two companies is carried out. One company treats a telecommunication segment, another represents a retail. It is revealed that between the companies there are expressed differences in structure of intellectual potential of their employees. Each company imposes special requirements to employees of linear and average management. These requirements distinguish one company from another. Also in each company distinctions according to requirements imposed to employees of different levels of management have been found. The established distinctions have allowed estimating balance of distribution of characteristics of intellectual potential of workers of the companies depending on the level of their positions. Zones of an intellectual resource and a zone of deficiency of intellectual potential are found.
The research makes a contribution as in methodology of assessment of intellectual potential of employees, and in practice of human resource management, offering criterion for evaluation of compliance of the employees to requirements of a position in the concrete company.
The study presented in this article is a continuation of research into European institutional discourse at the time of the European migrant crisis. The research is based on a collection of official texts of the British government and the European Union published in 2014 and 2015. The key methods employed are the methods of computational linguistics and critical discourse analysis. The study has revealed significant differences between discourses of the European Union and Great Britain in reference to the evaluation of the current situation concerning refugees and the attitude towards them. Also, the present study proves that in the official discourse of the British government devoted to the issue of excessive migration, there were no prerequisites for "Brexit" due to uncontrollable migration.
The research work presents an analysis of the educational demands of middle managers of the modern University, as well as the motives of their occurrence. The practical importance of the results of the study/is to solve the problems of management accounting of the effectiveness of professional interactions of managers in the transition to the project activity to obtain additional resources for the development of the educational organization The study of factors and motives of formation of qualification deficits of managers of the University, which contributes to the solution of problems of management accounting efficiency of professional interactions of managers in the transition to the project activity.
In this chapter we oserve the evidence of personal potential at organizational context. We supposed the personal potential lets employees to build their careers, be efficient and satisfied, hold stresses and empotional burn-out, obtain persona and organizational goals, build organizational relations and keep the meaningfullness of their work.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management