Оптимизация запасов дистрибьюторской компании по многим критериям с учетом рисков
Solution optimization procedures with the following features are first proposed for a supply chain for the inventory management models in distribution companies 1) Taking into account risks using the method of the decision tree. 2) Making multi-criteria decision. 3) The synthesis of procedures indicated decision with the analytic hierarchy processes. The proposed approach to the choice of decisions will allow managers to get rid of the "blindness" phenomenon with differently directed criteria, as well as the phenomenon of inadequate choice. In addition, it will allow to take into account the decision maker preferences, as well as the risk factors that increase the quality of decisions. Illustrations of the approach are given on the example of a distribution company that mainly sells confectionery and grocery products.
The problem of management is formalized for the first time by purchases as a problem of a choice of the best decision at many criteria. Thus some of private criteria allow to consider demanded risk factors. Possibilities of the decision of problems of this kind on the basis of a method of a tree of decisions are illustrated.
Current processes of globalization and integration of the companies into the world economy necessitated the unification of financial reporting to the third parties and external users, its transparency and uniformity of financial calculations and calculation procedures. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) today play the role of a certain standard or an example of how international companies have to generate financial reports. This imposes certain obligations on the reporting procedure. Thus, on the one hand companies operate under strict rules of how and that they can be reported. On the other hand, oil and gas companies implement large risky projects, which feasibility evaluation is often difficult in the conditions of high risk and lack of the information. This situation is typical for offshore fields, particularly in the Arctic offshore, where the degree of exploration is extremely low. The present article is concerned with the real options valuation of offshore fields in the Arctic. The main point of the article is an example of the subsequent correlation of the price value of the real options and possible costs for exploration and evaluation of the field resource potential in accordance with the principles of IFRS 6 – «Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources», an accounting standard that is core to the understanding of accounting in the mining and oil and gas industries. IFRS 6 includes modified impairment testing of exploration and evaluation assets and replaced several others international standards as IFRS 8, IFRS 16 and IFRS 36. This approach allows us to demonstrate the applicabilityof ROV (Real Options Valuation) method and its application to offshore projects with a high degree of uncertainty, carried out at an early stage and, in particular, for the Arctic offshore projects. For illustrative purposes two possible deposits were taken on the shelf of the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea. For these two illustrative examples of the fields in the above sea waters in accordance with the climatic conditions, taking into account the current tax and investment regimes three types of option were designed: to stop the project, to delay the project and to expand the project. The main purpose of this work is to show the applicability of various models of real options for offshore development projects through the examples in the Arctic seas at the stage of prospecting and exploration. There is also the objective to show how the techniques of project management can be agreed under the rules of reporting standards reporting for companies operating according to IFRS 6 standard.
In the article author propose approach to client's base generation based on decision tree method as well as illustrate blocking phenomena, which manager faces with during evaluation of different alternatives. Method is illustrated on Logistics Company.
In the article author propose approach to client's base generation based on decision tree method. This approach allows taking into account requirements to optimization of customers' selection based on several criteria. Method is illustrated on Logistics Company.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management