Разговоры о погоде: что она может рассказать о самоубийствах, человеческом счастье и финансовых рынках?
This paper presents a method and computational technology for forecasting ambulance trips. We used statistical information about the number of the trips (per day or per night) in 2009-2013, the meteorological archive, and the corresponding archive of the meteorological measurements and meteorological forecasts for the same period. We take into account both social and meteorological predictors simultaneously. The impact of the meteorological factors (both climatic and short range lead times) into the statistics may be significant for some diseases. We present also the errors of these forecasts and demonstrate that the quality of our weather forecasts for the lead times 1- 3 days is good for the forecasting the number of ambulance trips.
The method may be used operatively for planning and control in the ambulance service. It may be applied for all trips and for specific subgroups of diseases. The method and the technology may be applied for any megalopolis if the corresponding medical and meteorological information is available.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.