Самооценка здоровья и самосохранительное поведение сельских жителей и дачников Костромской области
Health self-assessment of the Russian population is lower compared to self-assessments in many developed countries. Rural dwellers tend to assess their health status worse than urban residents. This is mainly due to low self-protective behavior, low individual responsibility for their health that is manifested in the relevant self-protective behavior of rural dwellers. The purpose of the work is to find reasons for different health conditions and life expectancy between rural dwellers and summer (urban) residents in Kostroma Region.
The analysis is based on data of the International Social Survey Program (ISSP, 2011) and in-depth interviews collected in summer 2014 in Ugorsky district, Kostroma region.
Statistics shows that life expectancy of rural and urban population differs: according to the Federal State Statistics Service data for 2013, life expectancy at birth of rural males was 1.89 years lower and for rural females – 1.57 lower compared to urban males and females correspondingly. Among other things this gap in life expectancy is due to different health status of rural and urban population. Qualitative data helped to understand main reasons for different health status of urban (summer residents) and rural dwellers in Kostroma region.
Prevalence of self-treatment, untimely application for medical advice, unbalanced diet, smoking and alcohol abuse – all these things combined with limited access to quality health care negatively affect health status of rural dwellers. However, there is a tendency towards better self-protective behavior among younger rural dwellers compare to the older rural population.
In the article on the materials of the author's research, the question of the attitude of small business employers to the health of their employees was considered and a conclusion was drawn that the lack of employers' desire to preserve this resource creates prerequisites for the growth of disability of workers in this sector of the economy
Seventeen papers, originally presented at a conference held in honor of Erik Thorbecke at Cornell University in October 2003, highlight the depth and breadth of Thorbecke's influence in research and policy on poverty, inequality, and development. Papers discuss the growth and roots of Erik Thorbecke's career; the consistency of poverty lines; poverty indices; whether poverty and inequality measures should be combined; an approach to measuring health inequality in India; household investments in education and income inequality at the community level in Indonesia; poverty traps and safety nets; progress in the modeling of rural households' behavior under market failures; labor laws and labor welfare in the context of the Indian experience; macro models and multipliers; multiplier effects and the reduction of poverty; developing an accounting matrix for the euro area; globalization, economic reform, and structural price transmission--social accounting matrix decomposition techniques with an empirical application to Vietnam; institutions, factor endowment, and inequality in Ghana, Kenya, and Senegal; an optimal nonlinear taxation approach combining incentives, inequality, and the allocation of aid when conditionality doesn't work; agricultural research and policy to achieve nutrition goals; and whether dualism is worth revisiting. No index.
Data from three rounds of nationally representative health surveys in India (1992/93, 1998/99, and 2005/06) are used to assess the impact of selective mortality on children's anthropometrics. The nutritional status of the child population was simulated under the counterfactual scenario that all children who died in the first three years of life were alive at the time of measurement. The simulations demonstrate that the difference in anthropometrics due to selective mortality would be large only if there were very large differences in anthropometrics between the children who died and those who survived. Differences of this size are not substantiated by the research on the degree of association between mortality and malnutrition. The study shows that although mortality risk is higher among malnourished children, selective mortality has only a minor impact on the measured nutritional status of children stratified by gender.
Presents a guide to the two health modules included in the World Bank's ADePT analysis software. Discusses what the ADePT health outcomes module does; data preparation; an example data set; how to generate the tables and graphs; interpreting the tables and graphs; technical notes; what the ADePT health financing module does; data preparation; example data sets; how to generate the tables and graphs; interpreting the tables and graphs; and technical notes. Index.
HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS (RUSSIAN AND BELARUSIAN UNIVERSITIES) (review article) The article considers the issues of health, health behavior, attitudes to abortion and children planning, as well as the reproduction attitudes of students of the Russian and Belarusian universities.
The monograph is devoted to the assessment of population health indicators and comprehensive analysis of the factors influencing on the health of indigenous people of Russian North.
This paper studies the influence of various health indicators on the position in the labor market. The source used in the research is the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for the period 2000-2008. We analyze the factors related to individuals decision on whether to look for a job or to give up seeking. For those willing to be employed, the duration model is estimated and the impact of health indicators on the individuals probability to get a job and leave the labor force is revealed.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.