Русские заударные гласные в предударной позиции внутри синтагмы
The present paper reports some new results of the research aimed at finding out whether the progressive (carryover) voice coarticulation is available in nonhomorganic clusters of [velar # (/v/ + sonorant)] in an external sandhi position in Modern Standard Russian (in combinations of words not divided by syntactic boundaries) and within a phonological word, and if yes, to which extent this phenomenon is dependent on some supplementary conditions – segmental, prosodic, genre, stylistic, or extralinguistic.
Theresultsobtainedshowthatthe carryover voice coarticulation in [velar # (/v/ + sonorant)] clusters in an external sandhi position was detected in 75% out of all cases studied; the presence of carryover voice coarticulation depends on the right context of the [velar + /v/] cluster: before an occlusive sonorant (dental nasal or lateral [n], [l]) it is detected much more often than before palatal approximant [j]; on the contrary, no influence of the manner of articulation of the velar consonant (stop or fricative) on the voice coarticulation was found during present experiment; the carryover voice coarticulation is found to be more often in an external sandhi position than within a phonological word; the way of phonetic realization of the clusters studied is speaker-specific to a very high extent.
Standard Modern Russian has phonological contrast between palatal- ized and velarized consonants. One of the most prominent changes attributed recently to this part of its phonetic system is the dramatic aƵrication of pala- talized dental stops which are now pronounced in most phonetic contexts as aƵricates [tsj], [dzj]. The paper proposes the hypothesis that a fast spread of palatalized dental stops’ aƵrication in Standard Modern Russian is triggered by the need to more eƵectively distinguish palatalized plosives in situations that do not provide the primary acoustic cue (formant transition of adjacent vowel) for their diƵerentiation to the listener. Palatalized dental plosives still should be treated phonologically as stops since in the context of homorganic nasal or stop they are not aƵricated (and often unreleased), while the fricative part of dental aƵricates in the same position still preserved in pronunciation of all the subjects studied.
Word-final labialized consonants as a cue for detecting prosodic breaks in Standard Russian
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.