Политика и пайдейя. Республиканский проект общественного образования
In his «Five memoirs on public instruction» the French politician and philosopher of the Age of Revolution, Marquis Nicolas de Condorcet formulated the basic ideas of his five-levels educational model. This article focuses on its impact on school reform implemented by Jules Ferry in the 1880s. It argues that it was Condorcet, who developed the republican model of public education, which proved to be pioneering for post-revolutionary era and which retains its value nowadays. Condorcet’s plan was to create an educational system in which every citizen would have an opportunity to receive education – from primary to higher levels – free of charge. The one and only criterion for selection to pass to the new educational level should be the natural abilities and talents of a given person. To what extent these ambitious ideas of Condorcet were implemented by his followers? And what should be the role of the state in education of a new man?