«Отсутствие цели урока ведет к безыдейности в преподавании истории» Габитус и дискурс работников отделов народного образования начала 1950‑х годов
Вопросы образования. 2015. № 1. С. 234-251.
This paper analyzes the specific features of habitus and speech practices of education authority employees of the late Stalinist era. These people are often “invisible” for researchers who traditionally focus on teachers and students. Meanwhile, it’s inspectors and administrators of local education authorities, developers of teaching methods, professors of advanced training institutes, and party functionaries supervising educational policy issues who mastered and produced discourses that were not just a basis for statutory records: their speech practices were translated to the school, constructing the professional worldview of teachers. The study uses materials of the audit carried out in 1949–1950 by Molotov (Perm) regional education authority at the initiative of the regional committee. The auditors were interested in how two ideology-forming school subjects, History and Constitution of the Soviet Union, were taught. We also investigate into the ways of using political language in professional teaching environments and reconstruct the mechanisms of school teacher performance assessment and the practices that molded the habitus of a teaching expert in the education system.
"Если гражданин СССР не будет знать конституцию, то ему угрожает суд". Сталинский миф в зеркале школьной ошибки
, Вестник Пермского университета. Серия: История 2013 № 3 (23) С. 144-153
The article is devoted to the Soviet school of the late Stalinism. The Soviet education was intended to form a politically loyal citizen. In varying degrees all school subjects had an ideological basis. The teachers of physics and chemistry had to demonstrate the priority of Russian and Soviet science. The teachers of geography demonstrated the ...
Added: March 20, 2014
, Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия 4: Педагогика. Психология 2015 № 2 (37) С. 41-58
Soviet school rules are treated in this article as a part of the pre-revolutionary school tradition and simultaneously as a representation of the image of Soviet schoolchild. In this second part of the article the content of a corpus of 21 rules printed in the USSR (1937—1941) on behalf of particular schools is discussed. Rules ...
Added: August 26, 2015
, Russian Education and Society 2016 Vol. 58 No. 5-6 P. 428-451
The purpose of this article is to analyze Soviet school codes as part of a continuous tradition in Russian education and as a way of arriving at a portrait of Soviet schoolchildren. The article is divided into two parts. The first part provides a brief historical overview of the codes of conduct in prerevolutionary and ...
Added: April 18, 2017
, Историко-педагогический журнал 2016 № 4 С. 76-85
System of disciplinary action involving children’s collective is a widely recognized characteristic feature of Soviet school pedagogy. A common form in which a disciplinary pressure was channeled through the children’s collective was work with academically unsuccessful and misbehaving children by young pioneers and komsomol. In this paper the historical conditions that enabled the formation of ...
Added: January 9, 2017
, Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия 4: Педагогика. Психология 2015 № 1 (36) С. 56-72
Soviet school rules are treated in this article as a part of the pre-revolutionary school tradition and simultaneously as a representation of the image of Soviet schoolchild. The article consists of two parts. First part is a short historical outline of the rules of conduct in Soviet school policy and practice. Mentions of school rules ...
Added: March 25, 2015
Специфика провинциального политического протеста в современной России (на примере города Ельца Липецкой области)
, Теории и проблемы политических исследований 2012 № 2-3 С. 58-69
The street political protests which recently have become characteristic feature of political process in modern Russia, obtain support and development not only in the capital, but also in the province. The author of this article tries to give the characteristic to a political protest in a Russian province, thus, noting its similarity/distinctions with the same ...
Added: September 29, 2014
, М. : РОССПЭН, 2017
Американский историк Д.Л.Бранденбергер рассматривает развитие пропаганды, политпросвещения и мобилизационных усилий партийного руководства в СССР 1930-х гг. с точки зрения их разработки, доведения до аудитории и массового восприятия. Автор доказывает, что советская власть в те годы оказалась в тисках глубочайшего идеологического кризиса, от которого так до конца и не оправилась. Книга предназначена для специалистов по истории и ...
Added: April 10, 2020
, New Theatre Quarterly 2019 Vol. 35 No. 4 P. 312-324
n this article Alexander Golovlev offers a comparative examination of the theatre policies of Fascist Italy and Stalinist Soviet Union. He argues that, although the two regimes shared parallel time frames and gravitated around similar institutional solutions, Italian Fascism was fundamentally different in its reluctance to destroy the privately based theatre structure in favour of a state theatre and ...
Added: May 29, 2020
Под знаменем Пушкина: юбилей 1937 г. в московских школах. Патриотическое воспитание в довоенные годы (по архивным материалам Пушкинского юбилея)
, Проблемы безопасности 2012 № 4 (18) С. 86-104
The article is devoted to the century anniversary of Pushkins death, which was broadly celebrated in the USSR. On the basis of published and archive sources author reveals the content of cultural program, ideological trend of jubilee actions, and the participation of Moscow teenagers in the realization of high authority plans. ...
Added: February 18, 2014
, Вопросы литературы 2016 № 5 С. 176-190
Human nature’s complexity and contradictoriness, accentuating the enigmatic essence of the Russian mentality, receives a unique depiction in Dostoevsky’s works. Often we read about strange specimens, whose thoughts and actions would bear typical features of Russian culture. The article sets out to examine these features: in particular, duality and a combination of mutually excluding qualities. ...
Added: December 16, 2016
Профессионально ориентированное обучение иностранному языку и переводу в вузе = LSP Teaching and Specialized Translation Skills Training in Higher Education Institutions (LSP & STST)
М. : Издательство РУДН, 2014
Сборник содержит материалы научных докладов участников ежегодной международной конференции "Профессионально ориентированное обучение иностранному языку и переводу в вузе" в РУДН 8 - 10 апреля 2014 г. ...
Added: August 10, 2015
Cathy A. Frierson and Semyon S. Vilensky, Children of the Gulag (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010). 450 pp., ills. Index. ISBN: 978-0-300-12293-0
, Ab Imperio 2010 № 3 С. 357-367
Review of the book "Children of the Gulag". This groundbreaking book offers a comprehensive documentary history of children whose parents were identified as enemies of the Soviet regime from its inception through Joseph Stalin's death. When parents were arrested, executed, or sent to the Gulag, their children also suffered. Millions of children, labeled "socially dangerous," ...
Added: January 25, 2013
, New Haven : Yale University Press, 2011
The USSR is often regarded as the world's first propaganda state. Particularly under Stalin, politically charged rhetoric and imagery dominated the press, schools, and cultural forums from literature and cinema to the fine arts. Yet party propagandists were repeatedly frustrated in their efforts to promote a coherent sense of "Soviet" identity during the interwar years. ...
Added: April 10, 2020
, Социологическое обозрение 2018 Т. 17 № 2 С. 155-172
The article by a well-known German researcher of Soviet sports is devoted to the problem of the structural interconnection between the corporeal practices of modernity (i. e., sports) with its novel social conditions. First, it considers the theoretical and historical aspects of the creation of a sporting culture process in the everyday life of modernity. ...
Added: July 3, 2018
, Российская история 2019 № 3 С. 100-124
Immediately after the start of the Great Patriotic War, the Stalinist state undertook a purge of the country from suspicious elements, reminiscent in a number of parameters of the Great Terror: arrests took place throughout the country, certain categories of the population were repressed. Among them were believers, the repressions against whom were extremely cruel. ...
Added: June 14, 2019
, , Педагогика 2020 Т. 84 № 6 С. 58-67
The article discusses the lack of effective practices for school educational program development in Russian educational system. As an alternative to the existing practice, we suggest to consider a tool named curriculum mapping that is widely used by foreign schools for program development and optimization. A review of different aspects of this tool presented in ...
Added: July 21, 2020
, Антропологический форум 2012 № 16 С. 403-418
This article presents a case study of Soviet teachers' professional identity based on interviews with former teachers of railroad-sponsored schools in Orenburg region. This group demonstrates very high loyalty to their institutions and high percieved professional autonomy and status. The proposed level of explanation for the specific professional identity of the studied group is that of structure of local pedagogical community ...
Added: February 1, 2013
[Review of] Robert Service. Trotsky: A Biography (London: Macmillan, 2009); David North. In Defense of Leon Trotsky (Oak Park, MI: Mehring Books, 2010)
, Slavonic and East European Review 2012 Vol. 90 No. 3 P. 561-563
This is a review of two recent books on Leon Trotsky, one of the most prominent Russian revolutionary leaders and an ardent critic of Stalin. The review analyses the main arguments of both books as well as their contribution to the study of Trotsky's personality and political legacy. ...
Added: March 18, 2013
, Дискурс-Пи 2016 Т. 13 № 2 С. 18-27
In this work we are interested in the production of the protest culture in specific areas where data are updated by the creativity people protest. On a number of subjects related to Russian culture, author shows how the protest behavior serves a consequence of the physical closeness of the space, or, on the contrary, contains ...
Added: August 16, 2016
, NY, Prague : Oxford University Press, 2007
Added: June 14, 2017
Эвакуированные или депортированные? Образы чужаков и страте-гии повседневности в отчетах партийных руководителей Прикамья.
, Вестник Пермского университета. Серия: История 2015 № 1 (28) С. 228-235
The situation of conflict between the evacuated citizens and local population at the beginning of the great Patriotic war is the subject of much study. Mechanisms painful identifying "us" and "them" in terms of military logistics are considered. Social conflicts have been exacerbated by the clash of different discourses and meanings: the language of official ...
Added: July 8, 2015
«Вот называется друг,–мерзавец, а еще сидел рядом с товарищем Сталиным». О драматургии политических коммуникаций послевоенного времени
, Вестник гуманитарного образования 2018 № 3 (11) С. 27-34
The article is devoted to the campaign in the USSR, dedicated to theFulton speech of Winston Churchill. An attempt is made to identify the features of communication between the state and the population in the period of late Stalinism. Political rituals of late Stalinism are considered as special theatrical actions that had the ability to ...
Added: December 2, 2019
, Международный журнал исследований культуры 2019 № 3(36) С. 23-35
The article is aimed at analysis of the process of development of the Polish discourse of memory at the turn of XVIII-XIX centuries, i.e., in the period immediately following the Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanin Commonwealth in the late XVIIIth century. The main tools of analysis are the psychoanalytic approach to culture, based on the concepts ...
Added: October 31, 2019
, Свободная мысль 2015 № 4 С. 208-216
В рецензии осущеслён обзор элетронной публикации дневников А. Дмитриева - рабочего авиамоторного завода в г. Молотов. [О. Л. Лейбович, А. С. Кимерлинг и др. Дневник рабочего (III.1946 – XII.1955). Документальная публикация. Пермь: ПермГАНИ, 2014 (Электронный ресурс)] Особенности развития политических процессов в современной России способствуют поиску исторических и иных параллелей с периодом правления И. Сталина. Российская власть ...
Added: October 4, 2015