Жанр освобожденный. Авторский вестерн о будущем цивилизации
The paper examines some classical cases of adaptation of western genre in the USSR.
The article contains a review of the evolution of style and genres of mass literature as products of mass consumption. We identify two concurrent trends in the development of contemporary mass literature. First, there is a growing integration of the various genres of popular literature. Second, there is differentiation, accentuating a unique and original personality of the author. A stylistic platform for both tendencies is the genre of fantasy. This genre is close to a social mythology, and is able to deliver a non-trivial content of branding (narratives, themes and plots, legends, striking names).Thus, fantasy provides opportunities to effectively integrate the popular literature with artifacts and technologies of other cultural industries in particular, and economy of consumer society in general.
Russian media environment still goes through technological and language renovation. Under the influence of public politics carried out mostly through the mass media the journalistic genre of a column is transformed. For a non-professional columnist his/her social position appears to be more important than the literary abilities and genre structure. This paper points out that incumbent politicians use columns in the media for their pragmatic purposes, and this opportunity itself indicates the change of the status of a journalistic text.
This article describes linguistic peculiarities of a column - one of the most popular and scantily explored genres of contemporary journalism. This genre, initially intended for commenting the political events, is undergoing transformation under the influence of non-professional authors, still keeping its basic features.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.