Экономический анализ права в российской науке и практике
Article is devoted to destiny of the economic analysis of the right in system of the Russian jurisprudence. In it the positive and negative positions of the Russian scientists created concerning the economic analysis of the right are noted. In article it is shown that the economic analysis of the right gives the methodological tools allowing:
— to rationalize the existing legal constructions, i.e. to decide on the values which are their cornerstone (protected by the right interests), and also to understand the reasons of emergence and mission of concrete norms;
— to modify legal regulation when it doesn't achieve the objectives facing it;
— to predict impact of potential norm on behavior of subjects to which it will be addressed;
— to coordinate interpretation of the existing norms with the real public relations which are their cornerstone.
In this paper the economic and legal analysis of the two concepts – “servage” and “serfdom” – is explored. Some arguments in favor of the interpretation of this phenomenon as serfdom are proposed. This term, as we suggested, better explains the processes taking place in the Russian Empire within both the real and the conceptual contexts of its development
As far as correlation does not mean causation, even it found a high correlation between some legal rights and economical parameters, it doesn’t mean that the latter are caused by legal dimensions only. However, if strong correlations exist between some legal rights and some socioeconomic outcomes, this is a good argument for policy makers to improve situation with proper legal rights which highly correlate with their first priority, that of socioeconomic policy aims. It’s important to know the real impact of improving legal rights for society to avoid overestimation or underestimation of this impact. Also, regarding the increase in the amount of different international ratings of legal rights, the question which is more reliable should be raised (“competition of ratings”). The correlation analysis shows that “economic oriented” legal rights such as like property and intellectual property are relatively more correlated with GDP per capita. On the other hand, political rights and civil freedoms such as the right not to be tortured unlawfully detained are relatively more correlated with social progress as a more complex and general socio-economic outcome. At the same time there is no high correlation observed between legal rights and life expectancy.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/