Как профессор Филипп Дильтей отстоял свою правду (Случай из ранней истории Московского университета)
The early history of Russian universities is of great demand in contemporary historiography. In the last years it has been covered in numerous articles and monographs. A series of these publica- tions deal with the first decades of the most important of them, The Moscow State University. They shed light on previously hardly known aspects of its functioning, provide reference materials, trace biographies of its professors and administrators, and present collections of historical documents. Generalization and systematization of the vast body of materials in these publications allow not only to reconstruct the more detailed picture of the University’s history, but also to put new questions. In particular the question about “structures of contemporaneity” in which its professors lived. These structures are mapped in this paper in the course of reconstruction of a conflict between professor Philipp Heinrich Dilthey (1723–1781) and the University administration. The main questions are addressed to hierarchy of power relations in the University: What was the place of professors in this hierarchy? What rights and obligations they possessed? What were the reasons of their conflicts with University officials? How these conflicts developed and ended? How the powers between profes- sorial Conference, Director and Curator were allocated? And finally, in what way the interaction between the University and supreme state authorities was carried out?