Functional Specifics of Mediatext in the System of Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence
The publication raises the question of the status and characteristics of a mediatext in the system of language training aimed at development of students’ intercultural communicative competence. The author represents the specific characteristics of mediatext as a component of media. The article discloses the classification of media texts, represents the selection criteria for language teaching purposes.
The paper considers linguistic and cross-cultural features of speech strategy and tactics in political texts.
The volume brings together a representative set of papers on intercultural studies and offers theoretical analyses, case studies and other perspectives.
This collection of articles includes papers based on materials of reports, delivered at the International scientific and practical seminar "Media texttas poliintentional system" ( December 7-8, 2011, the Higher school of journalism and mass communications of St. Petersburg State University). All presented works are devoted to a key practice of media speech to a problem directly connected with formation of communicative competence of the journalist, PRexchange and the advertisement maker, therefore with development of the contents and a technique of teaching at journalism faculties. The edition is addressed to experts in media linguistics, high school teachers, students of the corresponding specialties, specialists in public relations and advertizing.
This article establishes the conceptual link between the Petersburg text as a literary phenomenon acting in cultural prospect as the generator of meanings, and the modern media space borrowing mythology of Petersburg from the Petersburg text of the Russian culture and reducing it to a set of political stereotypes, functioning in media texts in the form of evaluating cliches. Media interpretation of the Petersburg myth transforms idelogem "Petersburg", establishing strong connection between St Petersburg and regional extremism or extreme manifestations of nationalism that contradicts the idea of Petersburg created by the Petersburg text.
The authors estimate contribution of different factors in reading skills of 15?year-olds by using four models of multilevel regression analysis. It turned out that the most significant factor is family background — not only at the individual level, but at the school level as well (average school socio-economic status of schoolchildren families effects average reading skills). At the school level the aggregated family characteristics of students affect individual achievements, and this effect surpasses an effect of school resources and localization of schools — those school factors that show a significant contribution to achievement. Attitudes toward reading and learning are significant at the individual level, but at the school level children’s attitudes toward reading and school don’t make an independent contribution to the individual results.
In response to a growing demand for highly proficient speakers of foreign languages, both from private and government sectors, an added emphasis has been placed on developing communicative skills in the foreign language classroom. While time in a target language culture certainly plays a valuable and needed role, this research demonstrates that innovative curricular design and development in the university foreign language classroom can equal if not exceed uptake that occurs in extended immersion environments. A thorough description of the research design is provided, including the application of lexical items (connectors), listening, reading, written exercises, and videoconference debates involving students from National Research University Higher School of Economics in Moscow, Russia and Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. Assessment instruments used to measure language uptake among students included pre- and post-written proficiency testing and oral proficiency interviews in one’s respective target language as administered by certified American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) raters. In addition, students completed a background language questionnaire designed to elicit data relative to individual learner motivation.
The book is to be used as a supplement to an Upper Intermediate course in General English aiming to develop academic skills of reading and writing around the topics and vocabulary of 5 Units in the course book «Upstream Upper Intermediate» by Bob Obee –Virginia Evans (1, 2, 3, 6 and 9). Each section of the book includes instructions on developing basic reading and writing skills and several tasks to practise the skills.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.