Сравнение приема на образовательные программы в вузе по результатам олимпиад и баллов ЕГЭ
To compare the quality of admissions to various educational programs in higher education institutions we propose to use the adjusted demand curves. These curves are derived from the results of unified state exams (USE) of tuition-free students and students enrolled as olympiad winners without entrance examinations. To eliminate the influence of the admission exam composition (USE subjects and number of exams) in various programs we propose two methods of correction exams scores. The first method assumes a linear correction of the total USE score of individual student. This method is based on the known mean values and standard deviations of scores for individual subjects. In the second method, a nonlinear correction of the USE score for each individual subject is produced. In this method the standard distribution is preselected and its distribution parameters are used when USE scores are recalculated. As an example, a beta distribution is used as a standard distribution.
This article attempts to analyze the requirements of modern society living at the time of innovation-driven economy to education and determines the main objectives that, as the authors believe, should become the cornerstone in reforming the system of education.
The article deals with the problems related to combination and close interweaving of two mechanisms of functioning - official and unofficial (corruption) - in modern education in Russia. The assessments of illegal payments paid by households on different stages of the educational process are given in the article. The main attention is paid to the stage of entering the HEI and partly to the process of learning. Certain aspects of influence of wide spread occurrence of enrolment system based on Russian National Exam results over the illegal component of costs are demonstrated and discussed on a qualitative level. Results of representative surveys of households, interviewed regularly by «Public Opinion» Foundation and NRU - HSE ordered by Department of Education and Science of Russian Federation in 2002-2008, form the empirical basis for the article.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.