The article is devoted to a new type of educational programs that are formed at the intersection of higher and secondary education. Education as an institute is seen as an instrument of social stratification of society. The authors analyze the major developments of education as an institute, for instance differentiation between of academic and vocational educational programs and the creation of programs of production a “Homo habilis” — a skilled performer. Changes in the vocational education system are considered in the light of the introduction of the new educational standards FSES 2011 (Federal State Educational Standards).
The paper deals with an up-to-date problem related to improvement of effective education in the terms of transition of teaching staff of the higher-educational system to effective contract. A number of models for assessment of teaching efficiency of scientific-teachіng staff of higher educational institutions are proposed. A role of the up-to-date educational technologies in the improvement of quality of the higher professional education is shown.