Idiosyncrasy, heterogeneity and evolution of managerial styles in contemporary Russia
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine managerial styles of Russian managers in the context of institutional and economic environment of contemporary Russia. Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a sample of 482 line and middle managers covering eight geographic regions, 14 industries and 80 organizations in Russia. Findings – Employing factor and cluster analyses we identify four distinct managerial styles: paternalistic, exploitative, performance-oriented, and passive. In addition, we analyze a number of contingent characteristics of these typological Russian managers such as their age, career development, regional, industrial and organizational presence. Originality/value – The analysis enriches our understanding of managerial style idiosyncrasy, heterogeneity and evolution in Russia. The identified plurality of managerial styles, differentially related to a number of contingency variables, indicates that it pays off for Western companies to avoid using stereotypical ideas when dealing with their Russian counterparts and employ conscious strategies when recruiting managers to their Russian operations instead.
This study is devoted to the consideration of the peculiarities of organizational leadership research. The researches of leadership in organizations are often aimed at revealing the relationships between power and leadership, the influence of different leadership styles on organizational successfulness which can be connected both with production and employees. In every research definite leadership styles and particular aspects of organizational successfulness are selected. The effectiveness of a leadership style is determined by different situational factors. Methods which can be relevant for organizational leadership research are observed in this study.
Лидерство, организационное лидерство, организация, Власть, СОЦИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ, МЕТОДЫ, Leadership, organizational leadership, Organization, Power, Sociological research, relevant methods
Global university rankings have become an increasingly influential tool for measuring and verifying academic excellence. Today, it is hard to find a country where higher education policy and leading universities totally ignore the issue of global competitiveness and rankings as public measures of academic quality. The persuasiveness of global rankings has challenged national perceptions about higher education development and involved governments and hundreds of universities in the so-called “ranking game” (Hazelkorn, 2014; Kehm, 2014). At the same time, we can observe different reactions by universities whose institutional strategies were imposed by the fact of being ranked. These reactions concern not only changes in external images and institutional strategies, but also internal changes of formal structures and identities (Gioia, Thomas, Clark, & Chittipeddi, 1994; Espeland & Sauder, 2007; Sauder & Espeland, 2009; Colyvas, 2012). Furthermore, the reactions differ not only between universities of high and low ranks (Hazelkorn, 2007), but also between universities embedded in different academic systems. Following Clark (1983) and Maassen (1996), it can be argued that institutional context—which consists of elements related to disciplinary culture, the academic profession, and political culture—determines the different reaction by universities to global rankings.
In this chapter, we present the case of a university that has recently entered the race for global academic excellence. Our analysis addresses two important issues. We demonstrate how an abstract idea of global rankings is translated into practice in a university embedded in a specific institutional context. We also show how coupling between academic and administrative structures is organized under the pressure of global rankings.
The key problem of the social and economic situation in post-Soviet Russia implies that its future and the prospects of development of the new efficient post-industrial economy to a large extent depend on the successful creation of social and professional group of managers. In the article the primary attention is drawn to the analysis of socioeconomic characteristics of Russian managers, their social and occupational status dynamics, and labor market positions. The empirical base includes series of representative surveys of Russian population, conducted in January 1994, November 2002, and December 2006 under the direction of Professor O. Shkaratan, as well as the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey database (RLMS 2006). We also relied on the information from a number of in-depth interviews with Moscow representatives of managers (conducted in 2005-2008).
This chapter explores the role that leadership played in improving schools in challenging circumstances in Russia. It draws directly upon evidence from a study that identified schools in difficult circumstances in Russia and showed that they mainly performed at a lower level than schools in more affluent contexts. The study also highlighted the main contributory factors to low performance in schools in disadvantaged areas (Pinskaya et al., 2013). Subsequently, a research and development project is now focusing on schools in challenging circumstances in three regions in Russia, with the prime purpose of supporting improvement and change (Harris et al., forthcoming). This chapter focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on how leadership capacity is being built to support schools in difficulty at the school and local levels. To begin with, this chapter argues that the introduction of greater accountability into the Russian education system has resulted most recently in the clear identification of underachieving schools located predominantly in high-poverty areas. It also argues that one byproduct of a more transparent education system is that the powerful relationship between underperformance and disadvantage can no longer be denied. It is argued from empirical data that schools in Professional Learning to Improve Schools in Challenging Circumstances 161 disadvantaged areas tend not to reach the same level of performance in external examinations as the schools in the more wealthy areas of Russia do (Pinskaya et al., 2013). This chapter concludes by discussing emerging empirical evidence from a contemporary school improvement project in three regions in Russia (Harris et al., forthcoming). It focuses particularly on the contribution of leadership to improvement and highlights how leadership at the municipal or district level is proving to be a critical component of success.
"The Global Obama" examines the president’s image in five continents and more than twenty countries. It is the first book to look at Barack Obama’s presidency and analyze how Obama and America are viewed by publics, governments and political commentators around world. The author of "Barack Obama in Hawaii and Indonesia: The Making of a Global President" (Top 10 Black History Book) scaled the globe to gather opinions -- cultural, historical and political analyses -- about Obama’s leadership style. Writers, journalists, psychologists, and social scientists present their views on Obama’s leadership, popularity, and many of the global challenges that still remain unsolved. As a progress report, this is the first book that tries to grasp ‘the Obama phenomenon’ in totality, as perceived by populations around the world with special focus on America's leadership.
These Proceedings represent the work of contributors to the 14th European Conference on Management Leadership and Governance, ECMLG 2018, hosted this year by the HU University of Applied Sciences, Utrecht, Netherlands on 18 - 19 October 2018. ECMLG is a well established platform for individuals to present their research findings, display their work in progress and discuss conceptual advances in many different branches of Management, Leadership and Governance. At the same time it provides an important opportunity for members of the community to come together with peers, share knowledge and exchange ideas. The conference is generally attended by participants from more than 35 countries and attracts an interesting combination of academic scholars, practitioners and individuals who are engaged in various aspects of management, leadership and governance
In today's world leadership is one of the most interesting phenomena of social life. Everyone is positioning itself as a leader or (control ), or as a slave . Especially clearly expressed by the youth , as this is the age is finally formed the character and temperament of a person that influence the manifestation of his leadership qualities. The importance and relevance of the study of leadership is due to the capabilities of its influence on personality development and the formation of an active life position assumes optimal involvement in collective leadership and execution functions. Phenomenon of leadership is also important for such municipal structures as higher education institutions. Dwell on the Higher School of Economics - Nizhny Novgorod - the university , with a strong personality , with a set of features that define its uniqueness. University has positioned itself as a leader among the socio - economic trends in education , being the only one in this area by the National Research University. From March to October 2012 the study was conducted , the number of respondents - 302 people . Objective: to determine whether the youth HSE - Nizhny Novgorod human identity as the leader of reality. Research objectives: • identify the gender , age aspects of leadership ; • analyze the interaction of men and women in the groups ; • consider the impact of the physical location of a person , tone and volume of his voice on the manifestation of leadership skills and abilities. The object of the study were students and applicants enrolled in the center of preliminary training , HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in age from 18 to 23 years, subject - the difference between self-identity and opinion leader group.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.