Киберэтнография виртуального сообщества : анализ туристского форума
Authors present the results of cyberethographic research of touristic community “Forum Vinskogo”. Basing on previous experience of researchers, authors are working on detailed categorical instrument associated with the concept of virtual community — what is the virtual community today? How is it organized from within? The empirical part of the article is a thick analytical description of the virtual community “Forum Vinskogo.” Exposing findings of their study, authors estimate the possibility of virtual touristic community to be a form of modern market services.
Structures of social inequality and new forms of power inevitably arise inside the social space within the modern Internet despite the idea that Internet is a means of free communication based on the equality of users. The influence of traditional social inequality forms is absorbed and reduced within computer-mediated communication, so we suggest a hypothesis about emergence of radically new social resource. The paper presents the approach to study a virtual community as a social field (in terms of Bourdieu theory). The aim of this study is to measure and evaluate the contribution of different types of capital to unequal distribution of power within community. The author has developed the analytical matrix of social integration types provided by different web technologies, formulated the concept of communicative capital, operationalized different types of capital in cyberspace. Finally, the author presents the results of his empirical research showing and interpreting the distribution of different types of capital between two groups of users - moderators and ordinary users.
The article studies the dichotomy "Self - Other" in semantics of lexical definition representations of Russian and English concept 'puteshestvie/travel". The analysis reveals that while the two concepts are similar in terms of 'destination' and 'number of travellers', they are different regarding 'direction of travel' and 'travel agency involvement'.
The main interest of the book is the phenomenon of travel as well as its history and anthropology.
The article presents the results of a ‘daroobmen’ (gift exchange) online communities study. In modern Russian society such communities are one of the important examples of the functioning of the informal economy, not regulated by the state. On the one hand, cooperation in such communities are becoming more widespread and massive (by new users and scope of gifts). On the other hand, in gift exchange communities there are no established previously developed and universal rules of functioning. It remains unclear: what triggers make users carry out private rituals (giving gifts) to each other? What conditions suit such a phenomena? Therefore, the aim of our study was, ﬁ rstly, to ﬁ nd those informal rules and mechanisms that support ﬂ exible social order in reciprocal communities. Also we’ve got analytical description of this type of virtual communities, including the terms and conditions of their functioning.
Some ontological mechanisms making it possible to imagine space and movement as well as to assign them value dimension are described and explained. The phenomenon of travel as a value-loaded real or imaginary relocation in the value-anisotropic space is considered in detail.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.