How to construct the narratives of the video-files? Can we identify some general requirements for various narratives about the same structure of the video? What are the features of narrative structures of various orders of observation? What is happening to reflexivity in the narrative in the transition from one observation register to another? All these questions are both inevitable for the theory-oriented research based on video-methodology, and still open for reflexive consideration. The need for penetration into the text (and then — into the video as a text) requires from sociologists to focus not only on the linguistic problems (and then — on the problems of Fine Arts — in the broadest sense). To be indexical in operating the data of their research sociologists are expected to get open not only to the directly related subjects but also to keep in practice «the absolute adequacy method» and «indifference» to the interdisciplinary barriers.
This article aims at building an integrative methodological approach for analyzing the visual representation of the female body as a social and cultural phenomenon in modern yoga through the theoretical perspectives of symbolic interactionism and structuralism. An enhanced methodological tool was developed based on the framework of commercial realism by Goffman combined with the concepts of constructed body and technologies of the self by Foucault. The critical approach to visual socio-semiotics by Kress and van Leeuwen were also brought to the development of the integrative methodological scheme. The tool was tested on the visual representations of the female body from the websites of the popular yoga schools in Moscow. The authors conclude that the designed methodological approach could be successfully applied to visual analysis of different areas of female physical activities such as yoga, fitness practices and strength training.
The article analyzes the biographical case of cancer with problematized attitudeto traditional medicine. The author examines the biographical choices of the informant andthe problem of not following the medicalist treatment strategy. Optics using analytic methodsand social theory, the author seeks to show that living biographer’s disease and agree withthe diagnosis of a life inextricably linked with the social relations within which these termsaventureuse, namely in the framework of relations “doctor-patient”. The analysis of this socialdyad using the methods of anthropology and narratology brings us closer to the understandingof disease as a phenomenon mediated by the cultural codes of society, the dominant modelof which is the biomedical paradigm of studying the “diseased body”.
Strong motivation to selfcare is assumed by design of contemporary healthcare policy. However, both western and Russian studies show motivational deficit and inattention to prevention care among population. Actual paper examines the problem of motivation as a relational choice. Opposing to the view on motivation as a part of individual will, we consider motivation as a choice between competing requirements to selfcare among multiple social fields. We collected 27 in-depth interviews with Russians from large cities and analyzed them in abductive logic. In the analysis we focused on health practices performed in the fields of family and career. The results demonstrate that individuals succeed in selfcare when the care of health appears essential for execution of important social roles.
The article is devoted to the visual political irony, exemplified by the Russian Internet blogs. The subject of the research is the context, content and emotional background of political communication visual tools used in the «Potsreotizm» LiveJournal community which has been in existence for more than 10 years. Visual political irony is regarded as an outcome of the emotional evaluation of various events, expressed in «visual allegory». These specific metaphorical messages have the hidden meaning, easily interpreted by members of the Internet community. The research is based on the theory of irony and theory of visual analysis. We use qualitative methods to analyze the perception of power and public relations in the discursively active audience. Using an interpretative analysis of visual data, scenario analysis, a methodology for analyzing the situational irony, we assume that the visual political irony demonstrates the need for the social and political changes. The widespread visual forms of political irony are viewed as an emerging method of information transfer, designation of a social position and the formation of social boundaries.
The article addresses the possibility of using visual data in field research. The article is based on the visual data obtained in the frame of the author’s research projects of 2017–2019, aimed at studying everyday life of industrial workers in Yekaterinburg and the transformation of industrial territories in Moscow. The article is the additional visual material to the authors methodological manual “How to Collect Data in the Field [Qualitative] Research”. The authors have shown both the analytical significance of visual materials and their didactic potential.The article demonstrates how the research practice of photographing is organically integrated into the classical stages of fieldwork — access to the field, data collection, analysis and presentation of the results.
The article aims at the analysis of children's perception of the changes in their lives due to the loss of a biological family and moving to a foster family. We analyze how children experience and subjectively perceive their foster family life experience. On the base of children biographies we build typical life trajectories, which are shaped in institutional, interpersonal and individual level. Social and political context of the foster children autobiographies are set by the reform of deinstitutionalization of child welfare system implemented in Russia in the 2010s. The methodological framework used is the new sociology of childhood, which sees childhood as a socio-historical construct, insists on studying the subjective world of children and taking them as everyday experts. As an empirical material we analyse 253 autobiographies written by foster children and sent to a diary context “Our Stories” (Elena and Gennagy Timchenko Foundation, 2015-2017). The article presents typical biographical trajectories of foster children as stages of transition to adulthood, as well as barriers that they face in this process and resources that are made available to them by the family. The general conclusion of the article is the fact that the biographical trajectories of the transition, which are accessible for foster children are complex, diverse, and individualized. Biographies are presented by their authors not only as a result of external factors, but also as a result of their own actions, as well as the efforts of their foster parents to overcome social stigmatization.
The period of the 1990s is relatively poorly studied and is in a situation of media and ideological stereotypes. This article is devoted to return the discourse of the “nineties” in the analytical channel. It is devoted to the analysis of biographical trajectories and the worldview of “teenagers of perestroika”, those who were 14–16 years old during the period of historical change in 1989–1991 with an emphasis on the transition to individualistic thinking and a focus on personal and business success. All participants in the qualitative research were graduates of the Penza school of young managers. This school was engaged in teaching knowledge and ideologies of a market economy, marketing and business of Soviet schoolchildren of the early 1990s. The article discusses the history of the Penza school of young managers, analyzes its curriculum and the concept of working with students in conjunction with the task of educating “business people” for the new Russia and the ideology of “carnegieism”. Special attention is paid to the reception by students of the school of young managers of Dale Carnegie’s ideas and the ideology of “carnegieism”, who were in the center of the training programs not only of this, but of other schools of young managers of the early 1990s. The article has a reflection on the worldview evolution of students of the school of young managers under the influence of Carnegie’s works. Special attention is paid to reflections on the place of the “teenagers of perestroika” in modern Russia, taking into account the research of this group, in which it is called the “lost generation” or the “failed generation”. The article is based on empirical research materials — the study of thematic sources and interviews with students of the school of young managers in the early 1990s
The worldwide spread of social networks provides new opportunities to collect data for various applied research. The geotagging function, which is present in most social networks, is extremely useful in the case of spatial research. For urban researchers, this is more than just an opportunity to collect a huge amount of information about the behavior of people in space, but also to analyze the space itself. However, this type of data has both significant advantages and limitations. The article includes highlighting the most significant characteristics that urban researchers need to consider working with social networks: their volume (the ability to work with them as big data), non-reactivity (they are reproduced by the users themselves) and additional interpretations (they allow us to understand the meanings of certain elements of space for individual individuals or groups). The authors also illustrate the research opportunities provided by online data in combination with geotagging with various empirical examples.
The article is dedicated to the study on the identification characteristics of football fans. The main question of the research is aimed at identifying who a football fan is, and how he defines himself. The empirical base of the study includes 20 in-depth semi-structured interviews with football fans of PFC CSKA. According to the results of the work, it was revealed that the portrait of a football fan is a collective image, and the identity of representatives of the fan movement is plastic and fragmentary. Due to the presence of many subgroups within the fan movement, fans can identify themselves differently each time depending on how they overcome certain barriers. Moreover, moving between groups does not imply a change in significance or a change in the fan's attitude to a particular group. Contrary to assumptions, the boundaries between groups are quite flexible and surmountable, and the process of identity formation is constantly renewed, not static.
This research paper presents results of the two years study aimed at eliciting gender segregation among the teaching school personnel in the schools of St. Petersburg. The topic is being elaborated through the lens of the education relationships stakeholders (teachers, parents, learners, school management) own views on the problem. Paper shows that the views of the respondents depend on their age, gender and position in school. The most gender-dependent respondents are pedagogues older than 40 and administration staff. Male teachers are more prone to emphasize gender differences than their female colleagues, whereas high school students’ involvement in the subject learning and their perceptions of the teaching style are not anyhow connected with the gender of the teacher. However, high school students’ parents prefer to hire men as private tutors, just as the primary scholars’ parents opt for female teachers against their male colleagues.The authors conclude that teachers in St. Petersburg schools don’t identify gender segregation as an apparent problem, as well as the whole system doesn’t struggle with the gender imbalance and gender roles differences.
The empirical data of this article include interviews with 21 families, which were collected in 1992–1994 in Moscow in the project «Paths of generations in Russia». Basing on secondary analysis, we constructed families’ trajectories of housing mobility and classifi ed them into three types: professional moves, educational moves, and unstable housing situation caused by war evacuations.