Британский опыт оценки исследовательской продуктивности: RAE и его критика
Policy instrument of research productivity assessment (Research Assessment Exercise, RAE), introduced in the UK by Thatcherite government, usually is discussed as a prototype of neoliberal reforms which took place in the university sector of European countries in 1980 – 2000s. Research and financial efficiency of the sector was declared as the main goal of these reforms. Promotion of market-based instruments and emphasis on the open competition inside the university sector were basic policy principles which influenced the design of RAE. Study of RAE practices and consequences was conducted in the framework of broader project, focused on the systems of university management. The basic data source of the study were (1) interview with UK social scientists, who had significant experience of both academic and administrative work, and (2) official documents, produced in the course of RAE companies.