Платоновская «тяжба о бытии»: платоновская предикатная онтология (свойств)
The article is devoted to European metaphysics as “a sort of war about the nature of essence” (“litigation over the nature of essence”) initiated by Parmenides’ thesis about Being ("that Is" (ὅπως ἐστίν); B 2.3). However, the proto–concept of Parmenides implicitly contains three concepts: the Being (das Sein), the One and the Beings (das Seiende). Plato takes the next step in the development of metaphysics. He distinguishes in the proto–concept of Parmenides between the concepts the Being and the One: the One corresponds to the subject of proposition and the Being corresponds to the predicate proposition of Parmenides’ thesis. On this basis, Plato develops (see Plato’s second ‘hypothesis’ in dialogue "Parmenides") a special type of ontology — the predicative (attributive) ontology, or the ontology of properties.