Взаимосвязь баланса между работой и личной жизнью с демографическими и трудовыми характеристиками личности и ее субъективным благополучием
The article deals with subjective experience of work-life balance in the context of Russian culture, particularly the connection between work-life balance and demographic and labor characteristics. There are results of empirical research on a sample of employees (N = 4708 ) from Russian Manufacturing Enterprise. The survey includes four methods: Work-life balance Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, brief method for general life satisfaction measure, the scale of organizational attitudes, measuring psychological climate; Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Work-life balance Scale includes two subscales: “Work interferes with personal life” and, alternatively, “Personal life interferes with work. The results show that work-life balance correlates with demographic variables and indicators of interest in work, life satisfaction and organizational attitudes. The possible developing of measures for self-efficacy improving and well-being enhance is discussed.
The paper aims to reveal the effects of employment type (permanent/temporary, formal/informal, self-employed/hired, part-time/full-time) on subjective well-being across Europe (27 countries). At the end of the 20th century, a higher demand for flexible labour relations was accompanied by a value shift towards the expansion of individual freedom, tolerance, and creativity. As previous research shows, non-permanent jobs often bring losses in wages, income instability, uncertainty about the future, and job dissatisfaction. This leads us to expect that flexible working relations could contribute to unhappiness and life dissatisfaction. We use the European Social Survey (2010) as an empirical basis for the analysis. The main tested idea of the paper is that countries with more liberal labour legislation have higher rates of subjective well-being as fewer people are employed on a temporary basis. The results from the regression analysis show that temporary and informal employment negatively affect subjective well-being, whereas self-employment influences subjective well-being positively. A strict employment protection legislation has negative impact on subjective well-being, especially for informal workers and temporary contractors
The concept of «workaholism» is quite popular and is often used in everyday language, causing there are many misconceptions and stereotypes about workaholics. The purpose of this article is classification and synthesis of theoretical concepts and empirical data on the workaholism that has accumulated to date. The article discusses the concept of «workaholism», perspectives on workaholism, measures, and especially workaholics motivation and consequences. The results showed that workaholism has positive implications for the employee or the organization as well as negative, but in the long-term effects of the negative consequences are more significant.
The philosophical and psychological views on the problem of happiness since Aristotle to our days are summarized. Building on both philosophical discussions and recent data of sociological and psychological research, the author reveals two qualitatively distinct phenomena behind the common word “happiness”, that have different attributes and regularities. The firs one is the experience of subjective well-being that is directly associated with the basic needs gratification, while the second one is the experience of enjoyment as the experience of being engaged in some personally meaningful activity or close relationships.
The volume presents a selection of contributions mostly from the fourteenth annual conference in commemoration of Prof Marco Biagi on Wellbeing at and through work held in Modena (Italy) on 17–18 March 2016. The papers, which form the chapters in this volume, cover a number of countries and a wide range of issues in relation to quality of work and employee well-being including discrimination, harassment, disability, and work-life balance addressing them in an interdisciplinary perspective. Moreover, a number of regulatory approaches ranging from legislative interventions to voluntary measures are analysed in an attempt to cast light on the problem of well-being at work.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.