Секуляризация как вид национализации
The article considers the withdrawal of state ownership of church property (secularization), as a special form of nationalization. The author analyses the sources of acquisition of church property, makes the conclusion about the public mission of the church property. That means the seizure of church property generates budget expenditure commitments
This article discusses the objectives and challenges for corporate governance of SOEs in Russia, and provides an international perspective of the performance of SOEs as compared to privately owned companies. Recent trends in the policy and management of state property are described. The problems of corporate governance in Russia are described in an agency perspective, and survey evidence on corporate governance and transparency of Russian SOEs is provided. Particular attention is given to the legal construction of the state corporation. The final section on the performance effects of state ownership summarizes the key contributions in the international economic literature in this field.
The boor develops a new approach to the study of social reality in its denamics based on the revealing of connections between social and anthropological phenomena. The fundament of the approach is synergic anthropology, in the frame work of which the apparatus for the description and analysis or the "colonization" of the interface of the Social and the Anthropological is constructed. A new class of concepts is introduced, the categories of the interface, the examples of which are anthropological situation, anthropological trend, spiritual tradition etc. Anthropological trends serve as the main tool are developed, the diagnostics (the identification of anthropological formation(s), which generate trend in question) and the control (the stimulation of a trend, the blocking of it etc.). The framework is then applied to analysis of the most topical modern problems such as global risks, ecological crisis, the grwth of the virtualization of reality, the problem of the Post-human etc. Special attention is paid to the "Exit trend", which is how we call the overall anthropological trend collecting all manifestations and tendencies of the specific tiredness of the Human and his/her drive to a self-withdrawal. Using our methods of the control of trends, it is possible to formulate strategies for changing and correcting anthroposocial situation. We find that two phenomena play important role in these strategies, the transition of modernity into the postsecular paradigm, and the return of the Onthological Human, the fnthropological formation constituted in religious expirience and forced out by the po\rocesses of secularization. In the conceptual context of modern social philosophy the approach uniting social and anthropological reality in a new light, and provides new principles for determining our attitudes and strategies towards leading trends of modernity.
In accordance with the international investment legislation, a state is entitled to implement expropriation and nationalization measures with respect to foreign investments within its territory on condition of guaranteed prompt, efficient and adequate compensation provision in favor of investors. The article notes that there is no clear description of the phenomenon of foreign investors' property alienation in the Russian or world practice. Consideration is given to the types of expropriation: direct, aimed at deprivation of property rights for investments by authorities; indirect, or "creeping" expropriation representing gradual divestiture; and measures that are equivalent to expropriation and inhibit receipts of investment benefits. It is underscored that in the process of investment evaluation it is necessary to take into consideration the degree of intervention in property rights, intentions of the government, and the impossibility to discharge adequate investors' expectations.
The article concerns the problem of the Russian absolutist monarchy of the XVIII - the beginning of XX-th centuries in a comparative perspective. The social function of absolutism consisted in national integration, cultural unification and social transformation of traditional society by using of legal and coercive measures. The crucial problem is the changing role of the bureaucracy which could be the main protagonist of reforms or, just the opposite – its main opponent. From this point of view the author summarizes positive and negative aspects of absolutist reforms making outlook on the comparative experience of other absolutist empires of Europe and Asia.
The paper contains an academic program of discipline «Sociology of Religion and Secularization». The discipline can be included in different humanities academic programs.
The introductory chapter to the volume devoted to diversity of the forms and practices of religious life in the post-Soviet space, aims to explain the success and rapidity of the process of religious revival in the former Soviet Union. It argues that religious revival of the 1990s was geared-up by return of material representations of religion, in the form of cultural heritage, into the Soviet public sphere. This new turn, "retrospective turn", started after the WWII with efforts of Soviet intellectuals, artists and writers who were critical about results of Soviet modernization.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/