К вопросу о понятии «нийа» и его роли в системе религиозно-правового регулирования шариата
Article devoted to evolution of legal status of Bukharans who lived or was permanently engaged in commerce in Russia (mainly in Urals and Siberia). Russian authorities firstly were interested in Bukharans as intermediaries in trade between Russia and Central Asia and, therefore, gave them different advantages and privileges. But with time such trade became well-developed, and Russia got political interests in Central Asia, that’s why legal regulation of Bukharans’ status was substantially changed and they had to deal in accordance with Russian imperial legislation.
Article devoted to analysis the role and significance of Tatar-born Russian officials in gathering information about state and law of the Central Asian khanates – Bukhara, Khiva, Khoqand in the 18th-19th cc. on the examples of M.Bekchurin, M.Aitov and I.Batyrshin. All of them served as officials of the Orenburg Frontier Commission, two of them were diplomats in Bukhara and Khiva, last one contacted with informers from abovementioned khanates. The common feature for them was that they were Turks and Moslems. Firstly that fact provided Central Asian population’s sympathies to them (including favor of representatives of the ruling elites of the khanates) and gave an opportunity to gather more useful information. Secondly, as representatives of the Turkic-Islamic culture they could better understand and estimate the level of political and legal development of the Central Asian khanates and prepare impartial reports for their chiefs. Also it’s necessary to notice that their affiliation with Turkic-Islamic world didn’t influence on quality of fulfillment of missions by such officials: they tried all ways to contribute to realization of the Russian policy in the Central Asia and advance of the Russian Empire in this region.
The article is an analysis of Babur's information on justice of himself and contemporary rulers of the Central Asia, mostly reprecentatives of Timurid dynasty. Author also pays attention to legal sources used by Babur and rulers mentioned by him to take their court decisions.
The article is dedicated to historical analysis of crimes committed on securities market till the 20th century. Important part of the article is indication of economic conditions. Thanks for it the meaning of legal acts becomes clear. The author concludes on existence the developed securities market and necessary criminal rules to its protection.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.