Российская деревня и аграрные реформы в зеркале микро- и макроистории
The article analizes the most important trends in the recent Western historiography of Russia's agrarian reforms.
This article examines popular participation in the anti-bolshevik movement in Arkhangel’sk province of the Russian North during the first months of the Civil War. Using the example of local administration, mobilisation and bread supply it demonstrates how the particularities of the revolution in the province influenced the growth of the White movement and how people were able partly to adjust the anti-bolshevik regime to their own needs. It thus shifts the traditional scholarly focus from the bolshevik-controlled centre to the Russian periphery, and from elite party politics to the role of population in shaping the White regime.
The paper analyzes the characteristics of perception of creativity E. Le Roy Ladurie in the USSR and Russia. Pathways of information was the academic medievalists reviews, reviews of professional critics of bourgeois historiography, abstract journals and collections. During the perestroika years the popularity of Le Roy Ladurie has increased significantly, but the introduction to his work was limited by methodological declarations, not research monographs.
In the chapter from comparative economics textbook reality and virtuality are compared; common features and distinctions between old and new comparative science are demonstrated; the main features of comparative method are characterized. The workbook is attached.
Management of regional economic systems is a key factor in the national economic growth in general. Some researchers noted a close relationship of higher education and regional economy, but a unified methodological approach to assessment of the impact of education on regional economic growth has not been produced. The issues are associated not only with the ambiguous wording of the term "region" as a territorial or spatial unit, but also with the complexity of the formalized description of the education system through objective indicators of its development. The paper proposes a model based on the institutional approach to assessment of the impact of regional educational systems on the economic growth of territories. Results of research empower estimation of effectiveness of the regional Russian universities and identification of the gaps between the regional educational systems and the needs of regional economies. Key findings can be used in further theoretical and applied research, and in regional policy both in Russia and in other transition economies.
The collective monograph deals with the fundamentals and principles of venture financing, the history of its emergence, distinctive features from other types of investment. The book proves the relevance of the developing logistics infrastructure and the formating regional transport and logistics system based on the cluster approach in the Omsk region. The monograph deals with the problem of road safety from the institutional approach. Collective monograph can be recommended to senior managers, business professionals, university professors, graduate students, students of senior courses in economic specialties.
Road safety is a complex multi-faceted concept that characterizes the efficiency of the country's road transport system. Today, Russia occupies the 124th place in the world for road safety. The level of accidents on the roads of Russia is comparable with this indicator in Nigeria and Cameroon. The urgency of work is caused by the increase in the rates of injuries and deaths in road accidents. The question of the formation of the concept of safe movement on the roads is the goal laid in the all-Russian project on road safety. In addition, on the territory of the Russian Federation there is a road map for reducing accidents, where the authors of this program note pay attention to the need to change the traffic management system. In addition, accidents on roads are a threat to the national security of the country. Each road accident brings huge damage to the state, both economic and demographic. Annually, the damage from an accident for the Russian economy is about 140 billion rubles.