Syriac medical tradition was formed as a translation of the Graeco-Roman Galenic medicine into the Oriental tradition. An outline of that tradition in connection with the Greek and Arabic medical schools is proposed in the article.
The article analyzes the content and composition of the disciplinary popular and influential series in St. Petersburg publishing house "Education", investigated the role and functions of creation Publishers - Gedaliah Kotlyar, admirer and translator of works of Ernst Mach, as well as the publication of several collections.
This essay examines the quantitative aspects of Greco-Roman science, represented by a group of established disciplines that since the fourth century b.c.e. had been called mathēmata or mathēmatikai epistēmai. Among the mathēmata, which in antiquity normally comprised mathematics, mathematical astronomy, harmonics, mechanics, and optics, the essay also includes geography. Using a data set based on The Encyclopaedia of Ancient Natural Scientists, it considers a community of mathēmatikoi (as they called themselves), or ancient scientists (as they are defined for the purposes of this essay), from a sociological point of view, focusing on the size of the scientific population known to us and its disciplinary, temporal, and geographical distribution. A diachronic comparison of neighboring and partly overlapping communities—ancient scientists and philosophers—allows the pattern of their interrelationship to be traced. An examination of centers of science throughout ancient history reveals that there were five major sites—Athens, Alexandria, Rhodes, Rome, and Byzantium/Constantinople—that appeared, in succession, as leaders. These conclusions serve to reopen the issue of the place of mathēmata and mathēmatikoi in ancient society.
Syrians who spoke Aramaic idiom developped Greek scientific tradition and handed it over to the Arabs. The ways of that transmitssion are traced in the volume.
In this review the book "Historical Culture of the Russian Empire: Formation of Representation of the Past / Ed. A. N. Dmitriev. Istoricheskaya kul'tura imperatorskoi Rossii: formirovanie predstavlenii o proshlom / Otv. red. A.N. Dmitriev. M.: ID VShE, 2012" is examined. Author considers it as contribution to the studies of historical culture and discusses relevance of the different approaches for the description of this subject.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.