The Yugoslav Communists' Special Relationship with the British Labour Party 1950–1956
This article uses new evidence to investigate Yugoslav foreign policy through the prism of inter-party relations rather than traditional high diplomacy. It shows the Yugoslav Communists hoped comradeship with Britain's Labour Party would influence Western policies to counter the Soviet threat. Initial successes, especially a deterrent statement by the British Cabinet in February 1951, inspired great optimism. The Labour left was also delighted that Communism could be reformed and Cold War tensions lessened. However, ideological differences crystallised over the Djilas affair and Yugoslavia's choice for Non-Alignment. Only mutual opposition to the USSR during the crises of 1956 ensured their continuing friendship.
This book considers several aspects of the transformation of the former state socialist countries: social and economic outcomes; forces in the transformation process; problems of consolidation of the new regimes; and alternative scenarios. The book evaluates the course of transformation of state socialist societies. It focuses on economic change and its impact on inequality and health. Comparisons are made between the successful central European countries now members of the European Union with those of the former Soviet Union. There are detailed studies of the transformation of the (former) German Democratic Republic, Czech Republic, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, as well as the impact on Poland. A feature of the book is the impact of the collapse of state socialism on countries of Asia and the Third World. Alternative scenarios are considered, with specific chapters on China, Cuba, and North Korea. The book contemplates the alternative types of society that might replace state socialism, particularly state capitalism and market socialism.
Article is devoted British philosopher, economist and politician John Stuart Mill positionin supporting English women's struggle for political rights. D.S.Mill advocated women's suffrage - these his ideas were partially implemented in the Representation of the People Act 1867.
This volume offers a profound analysis of post-socialist economic and political transformation in the Balkans, involving deeply unequal societies and oligarchical “democracies.” The contributions deconstruct the persistent imaginary of the Balkans, pervasive among outsiders to the region, who see it as no more than a repository of ethnic conflict, corruption and violence. Providing a much needed critical examination of the Yugoslav socialist experience, the volume sheds light on the recent rebirth of radical politics in the Balkans, where new groups and movements struggle for a radically democratic vision of society.
It is obvious that most of the Balkan countries are experiencing a challenging transition period from communism toward democracy. This transition is a long process and includes transition in social, economic, political and many other areas that are all within the scope of the 4th International Conference on European Studies (ICES'13).
The article is dedicated to the functioning of the law and local government system which was created by the Ottomans to control their Balcan lands. Local conflict management is considered in the multiethnic and multiconfessional environment. The paper also focuses on the synthesis of secular and Islamic traditions in Ottoman legislature, as well as the way law influenced the historical development of the Balcan nations.
Based on the writings published in the second half of 1920s, the article focuses on the conceptual debates between sociologist, legal scholar George Gurvitch and the Eurasianists (Nicholas Alexeyev, Leo Karsavin, etc.).
These debates highlightened the competition of two cholistic doctrines: Eurasianism (that substantiated the Social Unity in the geopolitical entity of “Eurasia”) and Gurvitch’s “Theory of Social Law”, which based this Unity in the sociological roots by recognition of legal experience as collective phenomena.
However, Eurasianism, as a doctrine, was pluralisitc. Collectivist tendencies, which revealed in the writings of Leo Karsavin and Nicholas Trubetskoy, were balanced by apology of Individualistic Personality in the articles of Nicholas Alexeyev an Petr Savitsky. That’s why the research reveals not only the distinctions, but also the common features between legal views of the scholars. Gurvitch’s ideas were close to the Alexeyev’s views in the point of recognition of “values” in Law and “imperative-attributive” character of Law. Gurvitch’s conceptions are also similar to the “Alleinheit” theory of Leo Karsavin in emphasizing the collectivist grounds of Law. These similarities were based on the nearness of Eurasianism and Gurvitch’s ideas to the Russian Religious Philosophy, the Psychological theory of Leon Petrazhitsky and the European Phenomenology.
This article is about one of the most radical sects of independents — quakers. The English Govenment considered quakers to be a danger to the state and began to persecute them. As a result a lot of quakers went to the North America and founded their own colony there.
This article provides a new synthesis on the origins of self-management in Yugoslavia on the basis of new archival research. It rejects the dominant view in the historiography that self-management arose merely as an ideological justification for the split with Stalin's USSR in 1948. Rather, it demonstrates that the introduction of workers' councils was part of an elaborate effort on the part of the Communist leadership to return to its pre-1948, proto-‘reform Communist’ strategy that was remarkably open to interaction with the world market. This is shown to have implications for understanding Yugoslavia, Eastern Europe, the Cold War and Communism.