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Article

Вопросы классификации частей речи в арабской грамматической традиции

The paper presents the results of studying the problem of the classification of parts of speech in the Arabic literary language in the writings of Arab researchers. Study of  principles of allocation of parts of speech in Arabic grammatical tradition is part of the complex research of principles of definition of grammar classes in Arabic; the relevance of the topic is determined by the importance of typological analysis of the criteria for the classification of parts of speech in the languages of different structure and peculiarity of the language situation in the Arab countries, characterized by diglossia of monogenetic idioms of different types -  literary language synthetic system and spoken dialect systems with strongly-marked analytism. The study material is essential to the theory of linguistic doctrines currently insufficiently equipped with provisions and conclusions of the Arabic national grammatical tradition; furthermore, standardization of definitions of part-of-speech criteria in the Arabic literary language is becoming increasingly actual being a necessary element for the unification of part-of-speech (POS) tagging for computer analysis of the Arabic corpus studies.

Comparative analysis of the basis and criteria for allocation of parts of speech in Russian and Arabic is an effective methodological technique of realization of the program of the discipline "Basic course of Arabic language"  for Russian-speaking audience.