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Regular version of the site

Article

Kontinuum der Gewalt: Der Norden Russlands 1914–1920

Osteuropa. 2014. Vol. 64. No. 2-4. P. 157-170.

The Archangelsk Governorate was only a fraction of the European front during the First World War. But this ostensibly marginal region is representative for Russia. Neither the year 1917 nor the year 1918 represented a turning point. The First World War, the Revolution, and the Civil War were so tightly interwoven that contemporaries saw these periods as one continuum. Practices from the World War were transferred to the Civil War, military force turned into paramilitary violence, and veterans returning from the front waged various overlapping conflicts.