Гендерные аспекты неформальных трудовых отношений в современных российских организациях
This paper deals with the problem of informal labor relations in modern Russian companies in its gender aspect. The factors affecting on the formation and spreading of such relations are analyzing on the basis of conducted research. The conclusion is that women are more cautious in matters of entry into informal interactions then men, but they are more serious in informal obligations. The main motives for their behavior is feeling a lack of formal lows and rules protection and often such characteristics of feminine nature as softness and trustfulness.
This article discusses the concept of "atypical employment" on the basis of the modern Russian and foreign scientific literature. The author makes an attempt to identify atypical employment in the context of sociological, legal and economic approaches.определить атипичную занятость в контексте социологического, юридического и экономического подходов.
Characteristic features of behavior of mothers on Russian labor market are considered. The epochs in focus consist of the 1990-s and relative "capitalist staility" of the 2000s. The data also allows for some retrospective evaluations concerning how women combined motherhood and work in previous epochs, startinf from the 1940s. Main results consist in the finding that in the 1990s and 2000s motherhood happened in the condition of gradually weakening institutional support, while personal responsibility was increasing. Need for informal large family and other social support was becoming more and more welcomed, but these ties did not reinforce to the degree, required by weakening institutions. Mothers orientation at participation in labor marked was always strong and stable, independently on their views concerning woman role in the family and society. Mothers' adaptation to always changing conditions was unavoidably flexible and required intense efforts in combining home and paid work.
The new economic-mathematical model based on complex variables theory and the new approach to complex variables usage in economics are suggested in the article. The comparison of modeling results of actual production processes using Cobb-Douglass production function and complex variables production function is conducted. It is shown that the instrumental base of economicmathematical methods can be widen with usage of complex variables theory.
In this Chapter a system of international labour standards is described and fundamental internationally recognized principles and human rights related to labor are analyzed.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.