Article is dealing with how the confessional peculiarities of Protestantism were perceived and qualified by starets Artemiy, a Churchman of Muscovy, who fled from persecutions to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in the middle of the XVIth century. Analysis of Artemiy’s epistles has resulted in the conclusion that the Protestant doctrine was understood one-sidedly and with great distortions because of the substantial divergences in very confessional languages of Eastern and Western Christian tradition in the XVIth century.
The Oriental Business and Innovation Center (OBIC) was set up by the Budapest Business School, University of Applied Sciences and the Central Bank of Hungary in 2016. One of the main goals of the initiative was to contribute to a better understanding of Asian cultures, economies, and languages in Hungary. OBIC’s activities aim to improve the improvement of our students’ language skills, enhancing academic mobility towards Asia, and support of Asia-related research. This collection book is the third in the OBIC Book Series and the second in the China-related issues. In recent years, the question has been fiercely debated whether China is following the path of the Asian developmental states, such as Japan, Korea, Singapore, etc. or China’s outstanding economic development is fundamentally different from the success stories of the Asian developmental states. The discussion was becoming more intensive when Chinese economic growth remained stable despite predictions forecasting a slow-down of Chinese economic growth or even the collapse of the economic giant after the financial meltdown of 2008-2009. Since the Great Recession (2008-2009), the pace of Chinese economic development earned the admiration of many countries trying to catch up with advanced states. It must be also added that not only developing countries, but also middle-income countries in Central Europe are experimenting with alternative economic development models to those suggested by the Washington-consensus in the early 90s. This volume of the OBIC Book Series attempts to collect papers that focus on a very special aspect of the Chinese economic model with one fundamental question underlying these papers: what role is the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) playing in Chinese economic policy. The book covers three main topics: the implementation of the BRI, the interpretation of the BRI, and its effects and links to the Chinese economic policy.
In her paper, Judit Szilágyi gives a systematic overview on how the BRI is implemented in the Eurasian region, and Ma Junchi focuses on the China-Europe railway connections. These papers look at the implementation, while the interpretation of the BRI is covered by Pickus and Nicolea-Nicolea. David Pickus highlights the educational 12 elements and lessons from the BRI launch, while Nicolea-Nicolea make attempts to interpret the Belt and Road Initiative in a Romanian context. Szilárd Boros links the BRI to the broader goals of Chinese economic policy, while Karpov’s paper investigates the multi-track price systems of China. In his paper, Moldicz makes attempts to identify the elements the Chinese economy model shares with the so-called Asian developmental states. the Oriental Business and Innovation Center prepared this book with the goal to give an overview of the state of Chinese economic policy and how it ties to the Belt and Road Initiative.
We are thankful for the financial assistance of the Central Bank of Hungary, and the leadership of the Budapest Business School and all the people who supported our efforts in the making of this collection book.
Was there a distinct and coherent Soviet-bloc literature? We know it was because it is no more. This paper proposes to explore it through the transnational literary field within which it circulated, a regional rival to Pascale Casanova's more famous World Republic of Letters. After identifying the borders, structures, and principles of operation that Soviet cultural bureaucracies designed for this People's Republic of Letters in the late-Stalin period, we will examine how deftly post-Stalin-era writers and readers navigated it in the decades that followed. In particular, the sheer unevenness of censorship practices across Eastern Europe allowed Soviet readers to access material that for political, or puritanical, or genre reasons was not available in Soviet literature. Such a revisionist approach to transnational print culture not only explains some of the very unusual Soviet-bloc bestsellers among Russian audiences but also highlights the sheer agency of those audiences.
Polish and Russian “shock therapy” policies in 1990 and 1992 respectively were – in fact - forced deregulation packages, aimed at preventing total macroeconomic and institutional collapse. Some important features of these packages were contrary to neo-classical prescriptions, since the “shock therapists” operated in unprecedented setting of imploding “command economy”. This setting as such never was a subject of neo-liberal theoreticians before it became empirical reality.
Marxist-Leninist single party-state regimes are prone to macroeconomic implosion, since the socio-economic actors they create during forced “transition to market” prefer neither “plan”, nor “market”, but a grey “no-man’s land” between the two. This position allows them to “privatize the profits” and to “nationalize the costs”, contributing to accumulation of tremendous macroeconomic imbalances on the aggregate systemic level. It also creates socio-economic, political and institutional impasse of financial deleveraging, which may eventually turn into a forced “big-bang” package amidst systemic implosion.
Chinese “gradual transition” – with all singularities – still fits quite well into this dynamic empirical pattern. Sharp decline in the Chinese growth rate since spring 2013 was a manmade phenomenon. The leadership’s intend to deregulate interest rates and upgrade financial discipline scared investors making them to withdraw money from the state and non-state assets. The overall systemic setting increases the chances of financial deleveraging in China to turn eventually into a forced “big-bang” upheaval.
New Eastern Europe is a bimonthly analytical magazine dedicated to Central and Eastern European affairs. It is is based in Krakow, Poland. The project is a joint collaboration between the City of Gdansk, the European Solidarity Center and the Jan Nowak-Jezioranski College of Eastern Europe.The mission of New Eastern Europe is to shape the debate, enhance understanding, and further the dialogue surrounding issues facing the states that were once a part of the Soviet Union or under its influence.
This chapter proposes an unfolding view of the EU as a sort of post-modern neo-medieval empire, in which narratives of othering towards Central and Eastern Europe preserve their salience.
This volume consists of articles prepared after two conferences organized by the European Humanities University in Vilnius, Lithuania in 2011 and in 2012. The focus of both conferences was concentrated on the development of reforms and changes in higher education in the social sciences and humanities in Eastern Europe during the last two decades. The collapse of the communist system in Eastern Europe was followed by the enormous expansion of institutions of higher learning, especially in the field of social sciences and humanities. While responding to the great need of society for the education of urgently needed specialists in this area, most of the old and the newly established universities were confronted with a lack of professionals in this field. As a consequence, the overproduction of alleged specialists especially in subjects like law, business, management, and economics, has contributed to discrediting not only knowledge in these field, but also the value of education, consequently putting at risk the processes of transformation of post-totalitarian reality. The book addresses itself to the issues of possible steps of reforming the educational and institutional space in the Eastern European Universities.
The aim of the book series is the publication of objects of toreutics and jewellery from Eastern Europe - the territory confined by the Volga in the East and the Danube in the West. Found in archaeological complexes of classical and barbarian cultures, this material is unique by its richness and possibilities of social and historical reconstructions.