Морская деятельность Китая: экономические и геополитические аспекты
The article deals with the interaction of economic and political drivers making China’s maritime activity more and more intense. Basic trends of development in the key spheres of marine economy (i.e., sea ports, transport, shipbuilding, fishing and aquaculture, оffshore oil and gas extraction) are studied in depth. The author argues that the internal disbalances in China’s marine economy lead to its expansion abroad. The dynamics of maritime territorial disputes in the China’s nearest seas is analyzed in details. The article also shows that the maritime sphere has become one of the hot spots in the emerging Sino – US clash of rival interests.
The article explores France's territorial disputes in Europe and beyond (in French overseas territories), as well as disputes settlement approaches adopted by Paris. The author outlines the historical background of the disputes and the motives that guide France in allocating significant funds for the maintenance of high-cost overseas territories, some of them are disputed by regional countries. In Europe France relies on both bilateral mechanisms and EU instruments to resolve disputes. The French territorial disagreements with other countries remain more acute in the overseas lands of France than in Europe. Paris promotes a method of gradual settlement based on the idea that the joint development of disputed areas allows to mitigate contradictions and to create conditions for a long-term territorial settlement. The French overseas Department of Mayotte is a special territorial case: the Union of the Comoros claims for this territory are supported by the UN. The French rationale for retaining Mayotte as part of France despite the UN decision is based on the results of several referendums, when the island's residents voted for this idea.
The article focuses on trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf, which were visualized in 2009-2012. The research assesses the core actors, their activities and corresponding reactions of the local and international authorities. The study is based on analytical monitoring, which was conducted in 2009-2012.
The problem of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf presents a new research area in regional and global studies. The focal academic interest is attached to both theoretical and practical issues surrounding the problem of piracy: analysis of the current state of this issue, question on the status of pirates as possible actors of the regional security system, new trends in maritime piracy exhibited in the region.
At the current level of this problem, it is necessary to prove or disapprove of the thesis that today maritime piracy is a local, and not international, problem. The same applies to the issue whether maritime piracy is linked with Somalia state failure and the necessity of international reaction to this issue. Threats to global security that may arise from this issue also require assessment.
This article incorporates the consideration of soft security issues into analysis of current trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf. In particular, the spectrum of issues that influence security configuration in this region is widened to include tendencies in internal political development, and state failure issue, as it fosters the conditions favorable for maritime piracy and kidnapping in this region.
A new method of research is applied in this material. This is the method of analytical monitoring, which was used by the author to apprehend the situation in the Aden Gulf for several years from 2009 to 2012. This allowed creating a database of events, related to this issue. This database widens the opportunities of conducting long-term research on the issues of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf.
Understanding ‘sovereignty' as one and indivisible substance is very convenient for politicians and lawyers, but in the modern political reality it is hardly achievable. Alternative approaches to sovereignty, which imply the possibility of blending the legal systems of different states in the same territory, considerably expand opportunities for resolving territorial disputes. In this article vast historical material is used to illustrate the experience of implementing various models of territorial governance, such as an associated state, transboundary region, sovereign region, leased territory, free territory, no-man's territory, buffer zone, temporary administration, condominium, and commune. The described set of options may help break the deadlock in negotiations on almost any territorial dispute, provided the parties concerned have the political will to achieve a peaceful compromise.
The Russian Far North is immensely rich in resources, both energy and other resources, and is also one of the least developed regions of Russia. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the region. It examines resource issues and the related environmental problems, considers the Arctic and the problems of sea routes, maritime boundaries and military build-up, assesses economic development, and considers the ethnic peoples of the region and also cultural and artistic subjects. Overall, the book provides a rich appraisal of how the region is likely to develop in future.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.