Морская деятельность Китая: экономические и геополитические аспекты
The article deals with the interaction of economic and political drivers making China’s maritime activity more and more intense. Basic trends of development in the key spheres of marine economy (i.e., sea ports, transport, shipbuilding, fishing and aquaculture, оffshore oil and gas extraction) are studied in depth. The author argues that the internal disbalances in China’s marine economy lead to its expansion abroad. The dynamics of maritime territorial disputes in the China’s nearest seas is analyzed in details. The article also shows that the maritime sphere has become one of the hot spots in the emerging Sino – US clash of rival interests.
The article focuses on trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf, which were visualized in 2009-2012. The research assesses the core actors, their activities and corresponding reactions of the local and international authorities. The study is based on analytical monitoring, which was conducted in 2009-2012.
The problem of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf presents a new research area in regional and global studies. The focal academic interest is attached to both theoretical and practical issues surrounding the problem of piracy: analysis of the current state of this issue, question on the status of pirates as possible actors of the regional security system, new trends in maritime piracy exhibited in the region.
At the current level of this problem, it is necessary to prove or disapprove of the thesis that today maritime piracy is a local, and not international, problem. The same applies to the issue whether maritime piracy is linked with Somalia state failure and the necessity of international reaction to this issue. Threats to global security that may arise from this issue also require assessment.
This article incorporates the consideration of soft security issues into analysis of current trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf. In particular, the spectrum of issues that influence security configuration in this region is widened to include tendencies in internal political development, and state failure issue, as it fosters the conditions favorable for maritime piracy and kidnapping in this region.
A new method of research is applied in this material. This is the method of analytical monitoring, which was used by the author to apprehend the situation in the Aden Gulf for several years from 2009 to 2012. This allowed creating a database of events, related to this issue. This database widens the opportunities of conducting long-term research on the issues of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf.
The Russian Far North is immensely rich in resources, both energy and other resources, and is also one of the least developed regions of Russia. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the region. It examines resource issues and the related environmental problems, considers the Arctic and the problems of sea routes, maritime boundaries and military build-up, assesses economic development, and considers the ethnic peoples of the region and also cultural and artistic subjects. Overall, the book provides a rich appraisal of how the region is likely to develop in future.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.