Опыт организации научно-исследовательской деятельности в Национальном банке Кыргызской Республики
This article presents the steps of the research activities organization at the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic, is a generalization of the results for 2008-2012, compared to the practice of organizing and conducting research partnerships with similar practices of national banks.
This article investigates the current state of faculty research activity within Tajik higher education institutions (HEIs), where the level of research productivity has substantially decreased in the past three decades. As part of a larger ethnographic study on professional lives of Tajik faculty members, we investigated and found enormous challenges to conducting research and becoming active researchers reported by our respondents. We analyze and discuss how such issues may challenge the development of higher education in the country.
The importance of research activity for active adaptation to changing conditions is considered in the article. In today’s rapidly changing world, in variable conditions of development, research activity becomes an important element of education. It is noted that the implementation of the practice of research training should be implemented with an emphasis on developing the independence of students. Productive activity and involvement in it become meaningful for the realization of the practice of teaching through discovery. Isolate psychological issues, the solution of which is significant for the development of education in a rapidly changing world.
The monograph is devoted to the analysis of the activities of research centers of international organizations in terms of their contribution to the development of regional integration regulation aiming to using these studies and their methodology in the deepening of Eurasian integration. Research structures of the Court of the Eurasian Customs Union, the European Court of Human Rights, the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission), the Institute of comparative law in Lausanne, research centers of the CIS, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Council of the BRICS expert centers are the object of analysis. A separate chapter is devoted to the methodology of studying the problems of integration by international organizations. For researchers and practitioners, associate professors, students of the faculties of law, economics, political science and international relations.
Psychological support of research activities in Russia has more than 20-year history. There are established methods of diagnosis, corrective forms of work and much more. Separate this form of work as “express counseling”. In its implementation, the BASE methodology is effective and has ample opportunities.
In 2019 on the territory of the historical park “Trubetskoys’ Homestead in Hamovniki” the center of the optional education – the research center “Boiling Point” (a new structural division of the College “26 FRAME”) was opened. The concept of its activity is presented in the article. It is implied that after launch and adjustmentof this conceptual frame the practice of creating such centers will go from the capital to the regions. At the basis of center’s activity lies an idea of different ages student involvement in regional studies with the use of contemporary technologies and methods. Different formats of student’s practical activity organization with the opportunity of trial actions in different spheres and the dive to attractive subject area is implied. Meanwhile the idea of multidisciplinary community development is given.
The transformation of the higher education system in Russia, associated with joining the Bologna process, draws attention to the problem of combining teaching and research activities by a university teacher. Young university teachers at the beginning of their career are exposed to great pressure on the part of the university administration because the requirements imposed on them and more experienced teachers (professors) are often identical. There exist different strategies to adapt to the need for combining scientific and pedagogical workload: one is to give priority to one domain, the other is to share the same efforts between both areas. The purpose of the article is to construct a typology of young university teachers, depending on the combination of pedagogical and research activity. The empirical base was built by interview data gained from young teachers of Perm State National Research University, resulting in four types of young teachers according to their job priorities: «stars», «researchers», «teachers», «outsiders». From the position of the university, the most effective are the «stars» and «researchers» since they accomplish all the required targets of scientific and publication activity. «Teachers», traditionally oriented towards pedagogical activity, do not pay enough attention to research activities and are concerned about the risks of not coping with the requirements set and losing the university position. «Outsiders» are disappointed by their work in the university and are ready to change the workplace.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.