Психометрические характеристики русскоязычной версии MMPI-2
The textbook discusses theoretical and applied issues of psychodiagnostics. The article describes the specifics of the use of psychodiagnostic methods in the process of psychological support of the official activities of police officers. The basics of computer psychodiagnostics, characteristics and capabilities of the hardware-software psychodiagnostic complex are revealed on the example of "mUltipsychometer"®. A significant part of the textbook is the description of psychodiagnostic tools that allow practical psychologists to objectively and comprehensively study the personal and business qualities of police officers. Descriptions of a number of new techniques, as well as modifications of already known techniques are included.
International Test Comission Conference abstract book.
Background: There are a limited number of aphasia language tests in the majority of the world’s commonly spoken languages. Furthermore, few aphasia tests in languages other than English have been standardised and normed, and few have supportive psychometric data pertaining to reliability and validity. The lack of standardised assessment tools across many of the world’s languages poses serious challenges to clinical practice and research in aphasia. Aims: The current review addresses this lack of assessment tools by providing conceptual and statistical guidance for the development of aphasia assessment tools and establishment of their psychometric properties. Main Contribution: A list of aphasia tests in the 20 most widely spoken languages is included. The pitfalls of translating an existing test into a new language versus creating a new test are outlined. Factors to be considered in determining test content are discussed. Further, a description of test items corresponding to different language functions is provided, with special emphasis on implementing important controls in test design. Next, a broad review of principal psychometric properties relevant to aphasia tests is presented, with specific statistical guidance for establishing psychometric properties of standardised assessment tools. Conclusions: This article may be used to help guide future work on developing, standardising and validating aphasia language tests. The considerations discussed are also applicable to the development of standardised tests of other cognitive functions.
Traditionally, in studies of the role of socio-cultural factors in development of personality traits these factors are operationalized at the macro-level (as race, ethnicity, nationality, country of residence) and do not allow to take into account regional and local features that are particularly widespread in such countries as Russia. The aim of this study was to determine effects of the city and region of residence (both direct effects and effects mediated by age and gender of the subjects) on the strategies of response to items and on personality traits of the subjects. The data obtained from the approbation of the second version of Minnesota Multiphasic study Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) on a sample of 1237 subjects from six cities of Russia (Barnaul, Moscow, Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Tver, Tomsk) were analyzed. According to the results, there is an invariant personality structure at the general level of analysis and features that are specific for both Russia and the city of residence. The major regional and local effects are mediated by gender and age which allows highlighting the "zones" of particular interest for further research. In particular, the age group of Perm’ residents aged 25–39 is characterized by a high level of aggravation and psychopathy; while the level of depression and hysteria in young under 25 who live in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is much lower than in other age groups in this city and other cities. Another interesting question concerns the psychological reasons of the flattening of gender differences in hypochondria, depression, hysteria, psychasthenia, social introversion scores in Moscow and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The data are discussed in terms of the impact of socio-economic factors in different cities and further studies that are needed to explain social and psychological causes of these effects.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.