Проблемы и перспективы подготовки магистров-психологов в российских вузах
In paper we analyze of concerns about the prospects of master’s programs in Russian universities and some possible solutions. Performed of the analysis will be complemented by the results of the comparative study of professional identity of students master’s and bachelor’s programs.
School teacher profession requires salient and intensive professional identity. From group focused interviews on professionalism criteria all the controversies in normative (self)descriptions were systematically selected to show that any apparent contradiction actually include two different discourses: of negative and positive freedom (using Isaiah Berlin’s terms). The first discourse reflects a tendency to escape from heteronomous invasions, the second one — a drive to construct a professional identity autonomously. The case represents institutional situations with a disturbed equilibrium between external and internal regulation in professional identity (re)production.
In the article the subjective (personal, internal) criteria of professional success are analyzed, as well as a subjective attitude as a communication mechanism between the professional identity, personal meaning and values, which regulates professional activities and influences its course and results. Professional identity, personal meanings and values are considered as factors of subjective attitudes to professional success.
The publication is devoted to a problem of professional self-determination, expansion of diagnostic and consulting toolkit, contains the description of a projective technique genogramm, used in psychological consultation with a view of development of professional identity of the client. The opportunity of application of a method at initial and later stages professional is shown.