Депутатские риски (некоторые вопросы современной трансформации статуса депутата парламента)
The article is devoted to the problem of contemporary transformation of status of deputy of parliament. The author analyses the grounds and procedures of bringing of the deputy to constitutional-law responsibility in the context of foreign experience of application of analogous procedures of deprivation of deputy's mandate.
Legislators are entrusted with key parliamentary functions and are important figures in the decision-making process. Their behaviour as political elites is as much responsible for the failures and successes of the new democracies as their institutional designs and constitutional reforms.
This book provides a comparative examination of representative elites and their role in democratic development in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that as the drivers of the transformation process in CEE, individual and collective parliamentary actors matter. The authors provide an in-depth analysis of representatives from eleven national parliaments and explore country-specific features of recruitment and representation. They draw on an integrated dataset of parliamentary elites for individual, party family, and parliamentary variables over the 20 years following the collapse of Communism and develop a common framework for the analysis of variations in democratisation and political professionalisation between parliaments and political parties/party families across CEE.
This unique volume will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, elite research, post-communist politics, democratisation, legislative studies, and parliamentary representation.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
Traditionally, the common law countries are famous as countries of precedent law. At present times they are distin- guished by increasing share (proportion) of legal acts (statutes). This phenomenon makes more actual the issue of efficiency of law-making process. There is noted in the article that in international legal doctrine exists now such direction (school), as legistics, which explores elaboration of theory of law-making and of criteria of its efficiency. Author looks at specifics of law- making process in states belonging to legal family of common law. Despite this belonging these states are differed in its forms of rule. That condition permits author to clear general and special characteristics of law-making, ways and means of interac- tion of executive and legislative in parliamentary monarchy and presidential republic. Author emphasizes big measure of centralization of process mentioned in United Kingdom and other countries of Westminster model. It distinguishes lobbyism in these countries from lobby activities in US .In particular, author studies correlation of legislative process stages, influence of party discipline upon voting of deputies. Parliamentary supremacy is a root of significant role of legislative in law-making. In US model role of Congress was rather modest one. In the same time practice demonstrates both models currently are under change. Principle of strictly divided powers in US model leads to increasing role of Congress.
And role of Parliament is reducing in the countries of Westminster model of parliamentary supremacy. Author imple- ments various methodological methods in the article. Combining normative and sociological approach gives opportunity to analyze law-making process as a whole, to discover correlation of legally established social model and its social content, to check efficiency of such model in regulation of social interests connected with bill.
The functioning of a democratic regime depends on a set of parameters, which configuration defines its essential characteristics. Accountability is one of the most significant parameters, because of its ability to improve the quality of the democracy and political decisions. In the presented article the author approaches studying accountability systems in post-communist countries. Basing on the critics of previous studies, the author suggests a new conceptual framework for the analysis of accountability systems in post-communist countries and presents model and indicators of assessing its performance by examining the configuration of the accountability system.
The article deals with three constitutional projects of Francisco de Miranda, distinguished Venezuelan. It is devoted to analyzes of the characteristics of the project of 1798, based on the experience of British constitutional law and public law of Ancient Rome. Special attention is focused on provisions of the projects of 1801 and 1808: on temporary public power during the war of colonies for independence from Spain and on federal government after the liberation. F.Miranda used for these projects a constitutional experience of many countries. One of the sources of his intellectual reflection was the constitution of Ancient Rome, the most important elements of which were people`s assembleis and magistracy. These institutes were adopted by F.Miranda and creatively impleamented according to specific conditions of Ibero-America.
The author describe the legal models of the influence of business to the authorities: with the regulation of lobbying and without it. Analyzes the risks that accompany the regulation of lobbying in foreign countries: shadow sector, the impact of foreign States, promotion of the interests of large corporations, poor quality of the attached institutions. The author meditate about the possibility of regulation of lobbyism in Russia.
Issues of modern constitutional law of Russia revealed in the fourth edition to incorporate the latest provisions of the science and recent changes to the Russian Constitution and Federal legislation. The authors present the basic theory, basic concepts, institutions of constitutional law of Russia. The textbook is easy to read and clear thanks to the original method of selection of examples of judicial practice, perspectives, foreign experience in the form of separate headings. The user can differentiated approach to the volume of the studied material. The textbook meets the current requirements of the Federal educational standard of higher education and is designed for use in teaching such subjects as constitutional law. The edition is addressed to students, postgraduates and teachers of law universities and faculties, and may be of interest to political scientists, economists, specialists in the sphere of state and municipal management
In the article are : the social bases of power as a nation, the nation, the elite, the elemental forces of the political market. It is noted that the idealistic view on social grounds authorities do not correspond to modern realities. Long enough described expenses provisions on the management Board of the nation. It is proposed to consider the rationalist approach in the determination of the constitutions of the social bases of power. The examples of the constitutions of a number of foreign States, in which the provisions of popular sovereignty is not understood completely. Russia proposes changing approaches to understanding the essence of popular sovereignty and representative government.