The article analyses the role of majority and minorities in the democratic political system. At the advanced democracy the role of minorities is increasing. The role of opposition as a political minority is the most important. So the author pays particular attention to the constitutional guaranties of the political opposition status.
The world practice knows a few principles of effectuation of justice consolidated in constitutions. Among them there are openness, oral nature and motivation of judicial decisions. Consolidation of this triad in constitutions of democratic states proves the importance of these legal categories for functioning of democracy and successful effectuation of rights and freedoms of people. The article considers realization of the first of the said principles in the Russian law and law of the European Council.
The article is devoted to the problem of contemporary transformation of status of deputy of parliament. The author analyses the grounds and procedures of bringing of the deputy to constitutional-law responsibility in the context of foreign experience of application of analogous procedures of deprivation of deputy's mandate.
Author describes the concept and category of “Extended president”, its structure and the role of political block (based on theory of prototypes) in the article. The Russian political parties’ status and condition are analyzed in terms of domestic model of presidentalism. The legal phenomenology of interaction and cooperation of President and political parties represented at State Duma are explicated here. The respective ordinary and extraordinary, and also constitutional, legal, latent and implicit powers of President are defined.
Author describes the concept and category of “Extended president”, its structure and the role of political block (based on theory of prototypes) in the article. The Russian political parties’ status and condition are analyzed in terms of domestic model of presidentalism. The author provides insight into the role of executive office of RF President as the central and general subject of extended president. The author conducts analysis of legislative activity of State Duma the seventh convocation (the first autumn and spring sessions). The directions for development of the party system and President-parties interaction are adduced in conclusion.
The authors of the article develop a hypothesis, that tracing and analyzing dynamics of electoral law changes is enough to make a presumptive analysis of current political regime. In order to test this hypothesis, the authors propose a special classification of electoral law direct amendments, made during the last 25 years. The analysis of amendments illustrates, that many of them led to restriction of political competition.
The paper concerns the issue of teaching the constitutional law as a branch of law and as a scholar discipline. It gives several recommendations both for teachers and for students. A number of methodological tricks are suggested which aim to keep constitutional-law attainments of graduating students at a high level.
The review refers to the kontent on the textbook on constitutional law. It to be recomended to teachers and students of the law faculties
The article deals with the legal and actual status and powers of the President of France within its Republic History as the object of research. The appeal to the history of presidency and experience of its constitutional and legal regulation in the French Republic as the research subject seems to be logical due to complex of facts. Development of the theory of separation of powers in the country had a great influence on the constitutional practice and a state system in other European countries. On the way of transformation from parliamentary in hybrid, both parliamentary and presidential system, France initially was guided by the extremely complex challenge consisting in creating by the constitutional means "the strong power" headed by the President of the country as the "authoritative arbitrator" maintaining national interests in any circumstances at preservation of the principle of separation and balance of the powers, democracy, the rights and personal freedoms.